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Definitions of affinity

  1. kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. inherent resemblance between persons or things Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; "an affinity for politics"; "the mysterious affinity between them"; "James's affinity with Sam" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; "basic dyes have an affinity for wool and silk" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts; "in anatomical structure prehistoric man shows close affinity with modern humans" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. Companionship; acquaintance. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); - in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; - followed by with, to, or between. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A relation between species or highe groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin. Webster Dictionary DB
  14. Nearness of kin; relationship by marriage; a natural liking for a person; one who arouses such liking; physical or chemical attraction. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  15. Attraction; in chemistry the force which impels certain atoms to unite with certain others to form compounds. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  16. Relationship; tendency toward attraction. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  17. Nearness of kin, agreement, or resemblance: relationship by marriage, opposed to consanguinity or relationship by blood: (chem.) the peculiar attraction between the atoms of two simple substances that makes them combine to form a compound. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  18. Relation by marriage; chemical attraction. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  19. Natural inclination; chemical attraction. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  20. Relationship by marriage, in contradistinction to consanguinity or relationship by blood; agreement; connection; the tendency which the particles of dissimilar bodies have to combine and form new compounds; resemblance in structure. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  21. Relation; agreement; relationship by marriage; in chem., the combining power of bodies. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  22. Relationship; similarity in all essential organs. A dictionary of scientific terms. By Henderson, I. F.; Henderson, W. D. Published 1920.
  23. relationship by alliance ( 2 Chronicles 18:1 ) or by marriage ( 1 Kings 3:1 ). Marriages are prohibited within certain degrees of affinity, enumerated Leviticus 18:6-17 . Consanguinity is relationship by blood. biblestudytools.com
  24. Relationship by marriage as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations; -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between. mso.anu.edu.au
  25. At common law. Relationship by marriage between the husband and the blood relations of the wife, and be- tween the wife and the blood relations of the D husband. 1 Bl. Comm. 434; Solinger v. Earle, 45 N. Y. Super. Ct. 80; Tegarden v. Phillips (Ind. App.) 39 N. E. 212. Affinity is distinguished into three kinds: (1) Direct, or that subsisting between the husband ^ and his wife's relations by blood, or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood; (2) secondary, or that which subsists between the husband and his wife's relations by marriage; (3) collateral, or that which subsists between the husband and the relations of his wife's relations. Wharton. JJ In the civil law. The connection which arises by marriage between each person of the married pair and the kindred of the other. Mackeld. Rom. Law, thelawdictionary.org
  26. [MARRIAGE] [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary biblestudytools.com
  27. A connexion formed by marriage, which places the hushand in the same degree of nominal propinquity to the relations of the wife, as that in which she herself stands towards them, and gives to the wife the same reciprocal connexion with the relations of the hushand. It is used in contradistinction to consanguinity. (q. v.) It is no real kindred. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  28. Affinity or alliance is very different from kindred. Kindred are relations. by blood; affinity is the tie which exists between one of the spouses with the kindred of the other; thus, the relations, of my wife, her brothers, her sisters, her uncles, are allied to me by affinity, and my brothers, sistors, &c., are allied in the same way to my wife. But my brother and the sister of my wife are not allied by the ties of affinity: This will appear by the following paradigms 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  29. My wife's father are all allied to me. Ego My Wife 0 My wife's sister 0 My wife's niece My wife's father, My Father My brother and my wife's sister are not allied to each other My brother Ego My wife, My wife's sister, 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  30. A person cannot, by legal succession, receive an inheritance from a relation by affinity; neither does it extend to the nearest relations of hushand and wife, so as to create a mutual relation between them. The degrees of affinity are computed in the same way as those of consanguinity. See Pothier, Traite du Mariage, part 3, ch. 3, art. 2, and see 5 M. R. 296; Inst. 1, 10, 6; Dig. 38, 10, 4, 3; 1 Phillim. R. 210; S. C. 1 Eng. Eccl. R. 72; article Marriage. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  31. AFFINITY (Lat. affinitas, relationship by marriage, from affinis, bordering on, related to; finis, border, boundary), in law, as distinguished from consanguinity (q.v.), the term applied to the relation which each party to a marriage, the husband and wife, bears to the kindred of the other. Affinity is usually described as of three kinds. (1) Direct: that relationship which subsists between the husband and his wife's relations by blood or between the wife and the husband's relations by blood. The marriage having made them one person, the blood relations of each are held as related by affinity in the same degree to the one spouse as by consanguinity to the other. But the relation is only with the married parties themselves, and does not bring those in affinity with them in affinity with each other; so a wife's sister has no affinity to her husband's brother. This is (2) Secondary affinity. (3) Collateral affinity is the relationship subsisting between the husband and the relations of his wife's relations.The subject is chiefly important from the matrimonial prohibitions by which the canon law has restricted relations by affinity. Taking the table of degrees within which marriage is prohibited on account of consanguinity, the rule has been thus extended to affinity, so that wherever relationship to a man himself would be a bar to marriage, relationship to his deceased wife will be the same bar, and vice versa on the husband's decease.Briefly, direct affinity is a bar to marriage. This rule has been founded chiefly on interpretations of the eighteenth chapter of Leviticus. Formerly by law in England, marriages within the degrees of affinity were not absolutely null, but they were liable to be annulled by ecclesiastical process during the lives of both parties; in other words, the incapacity was only a canonical, not a civil, disability. By the Marriage Act 1835 all marriages of this kind not disputed before the passing of the act were declared absolutely valid, while all subsequent to it were declared null. This rendered null in England, and not merely voidable, a marriage with a deceased wife's sister or niece. (See Consanguity; Marriage.) en.wikisource.org
  32. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; followed by with, to, or between. dictgcide_fs
  33. A relation between species or higher groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin. dictgcide_fs
  34. af-fin'i-ti, n. nearness of kin, agreement, or resemblance: causal relationship: structural resemblance between languages of ultimately common origin: structural resemblance between plants, animals, or minerals pointing to identity of stock: relationship by marriage, opposed to consanguinity or relationship by blood: (B.) social relationship: the spiritual relationship between sponsors and their godchild: a mysterious attraction supposed to exist between two persons: (chem.) the peculiar attraction between the atoms of two simple substances that makes them combine to form a compound.--adj. AFFIN'ITIVE. [Fr.--L. affinitas--affinis, neighbouring--ad, at, finis, boundary.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  35. [Latin] Relationship; congruence; connection. na
  36. [Latin] The force, also called Chemical a., that binds atoms together to form chemical compounds. Mechanical a., see under Adsorption. na
  37. Relationship, relations, by marriage; relations, kindred, in general; structural resemblance (between animals, plants, languages); (fig.) similarity of character suggesting relationship, family likeness; liking; attraction; (Chem.) tendency of certain elements to unite with others. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  38. Inherent likeness. American pocket medical dictionary.
  39. Chemical attraction. American pocket medical dictionary.
  40. Relationship or kinship. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  41. In chemistry, the attraction of elements or groups of elements for each other or the tendency of dissimilar substances to unite with each other. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  42. In teratology, the tendency of double monsters to unite with each other. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  43. [L.] (Chem.) The tendency of different substances to enter into chemical combinations with each other. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  44. [L.] (Zool. and Bot.) Expresses a marked resemblance in important organs; Analogy referring to less important organs or to outward form. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  45. [L.] Relation by marriage; by blood. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  46. n. [Latin] Relationship by marriage; - close agreement; connection; - that attraction which takes place between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and forms compounds; a relation dependent on resemblance in structure, and making a species or group. Cabinet Dictionary
  47. Relation by marriage; relation to, connexion with. Complete Dictionary

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