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Definitions of authority

  1. an administrative unit of government; "the Central Intelligence Agency"; "the Census Bureau"; "Office of Management and Budget"; "Tennessee Valley Authority" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; "his assurance in his superiority did not make him popular"; "after that failure he lost his confidence"; "she spoke with authority" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. official permission or approval; "authority for the program was renewed several times" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. the power or right to give orders or make decisions; "he has the authority to issue warrants"; "deputies are given authorization to make arrests" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others; "the authorities have issued a curfew" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. an authoritative written work; "this book is the final authority on the life of Milton" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. an expert whose views are taken as definitive; "he is an authority on corporate law" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. Legal or rightful power; a right to command or to act; power exercised buy a person in virtue of his office or trust; dominion; jurisdiction; authorization; as, the authority of a prince over subjects, and of parents over children; the authority of a court. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. Government; the persons or the body exercising power or command; as, the local authorities of the States; the military authorities. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. The power derived from opinion, respect, or esteem; influence of character, office, or station, or mental or moral superiority, and the like; claim to be believed or obeyed; as, an historian of no authority; a magistrate of great authority. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. That which, or one who, is claimed or appealed to in support of opinions, actions, measures, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. Testimony; witness. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A precedent; a decision of a court, an official declaration, or an opinion, saying, or statement worthy to be taken as a precedent. Webster Dictionary DB
  14. A book containing such a statement or opinion, or the author of the book. Webster Dictionary DB
  15. Justification; warrant. Webster Dictionary DB
  16. Power or right to act or command; dominion; power derived from respect or reputation; influence; justification or support for statement or action; a person with, or given, power to act or command; a ruler; one to whom appeal or reference can be made. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  17. Legal power or right: power derived from office or character: weight of testimony: permission:-pl. AUTHORITIES, precedents: opinions or sayings carrying weight: persons in power. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  18. Power; sway; rule; source; permission. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  19. The right to command; power; control. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  20. A ruler or rulers; that which commands confidence. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  21. Legal power, or a right to command or to act; one, or in the plural, people, invested with this power; power, weight, or influence derived from rank, office, character, age, experience, &c.; what has power to determine on the ground of knowledge, credibility, or character; precedent, or official declaration. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  22. Legal power; rule; influence; credit. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  23. In contracts. The lawful delegation of power by one person to another. In the English law relating to public administration, an authority is a body having jurisdiction in certain matters of a public nature. In governmental law. Legal power; a right to command or to act; the right and power of public officers to require obedience to their orders lawfully issued in the scope of their public duties. Authority to execute a deed must be given by deed. Com. Dig. “Attorney,” C, 5; 4 Term, 313; 7 Term, 207; 1 Holt, 141; Blood v. Goodrich, 9 Wend. (N. Y.) 68, 75, 24 Am. Dec. 121; Banorgee v. Hovey, 5 Mass. 11, 4 Am. Dec. 17; Cooper v. Rankin, 5 Bin. (Pa.) 613. thelawdictionary.org
  24. Contracts. The delegation of power by one person to another. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  25. We will consider, 1. The delegation 2. The nature of the authority. 3. The manner it is to be executed. 4. The effects of the authority. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  26. The authority may be delegated by deed, or by parol. 1. It may be delegated by deed for any purpose whatever, for whenever an authority by parol would be sufficient, one by deed will be equally so. When the authority is to do something which must be performed through the medium of a deed, then the authority must also be by deed, and executed with all the forms necessary, to render that instrument perfect; usless, indeed, the principal be present, and verbally or impliedly authorizes the agent to fix his name to the deed; 4 T. R. 313; W. Jones, R. 268; as, if a man be authorized to convey a tract of land, the letter of attorney must be by deed. Bac. Ab. h. t.; 7 T. R. 209; 2 Bos. & Pull, 338; 5 Binn. 613;. 14 S. & A. 331; 6 S. & R. 90; 2 Pick. R. 345; 6 Mass. R. 11; 1 Wend. 424 9 Wend. R. 54, 68; 12 Wend. R. 525; Story, Ag. 49; 3 Kent, Com. 613, 3d edit.; 3 Chit. Com. Law, 195. But it does not require a written authority to sign an unscaled paper, or a contract in writing not under seal. Paley on Ag. by Lloyd, 161; Story, Ag. 50. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  27. For many purposes, however, the authority may be by parol, either in writing not under seal, or verbally, or by the mere employment of the agent. Pal. on Agen. 2. The exigencies of commercial affairs render such an appointment indispensable; business would be greatly embarrassed, if a regular letter of attorney were required to sign or negotiate a promissory note or bill of exchange, or sell or buy goods, or write a letter, or procure a policy for another. This rule of the common law has been adopted and followed from the civil law. Story, Ag. 47; Dig. 3, 3, 1, 1 Poth. Pand. 3, 3, 3; Domat, liv. 1, tit. 15, 1, art. 5; see also 3 Chit. Com. Law, 5, 195 7 T. R. 350. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  28. The authority given must have been possessed by the person who delegates it, or it will be void; and it must be of a thing lawful, or it will not justify the person to whom it is given. Dyer, 102; Kielw. 83. It is a maxim that delegata potestas non potest delegari, so that an agent who has a mere authority must execute it himself, and cannot delegate his authority to a sub-agent. See 5 Pet. 390; 3 Story, R. 411, 425; 11 Gill & John. 58; 26 Wend. 485; 15 Pick. 303, 307; 1 McMullan, 453; 4 Scamm. 127, 133; 2 Inst. 597. See Delegation. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  29. Authorities are divided into general or special. A general authority is one which extends to all acts connected with a particular employment; a special authority is one confined to "an individual instance." 15 East, 408; Id. 38. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  30. They are also divided into limited and unlimited. When the agent is bound by precise instructions, it is limited; and unlimited when be is left to pursue his own discretion. An authority is either express or implied. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  31. An express authority may be by deed of by parol, that is in writing not under seal, or verbally.. The authority must have been actually given. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  32. An implied authority is one which, although no proof exists of its having been actually given, may be inferred from the conduct of the principal; for example, when a man leaves his wife without support, the law presumes he authorizes her to buy necessaries for her maintenance; or if a master, usually send his servant to buy goods for him upon credit, and the servant buy some things without the master's orders, yet the latter will be liable upon the implied authority. Show. 95; Pal. on Ag. 137 to 146. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  33. In considering in what manner the authority is to be executed, it will be necessary to examine, 1. By whom the authority must be executed. 2. In what manner. 3. In what time. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  34. A delegated authority can be executed only by the person to whom it is given, for the confidence being personal, cannot be assigned to a stranger. 1 Roll. Ab. 330 2 Roll. Ab. 9 9 Co. 77 b .; 9 Ves. 236, 251 3 Mer. R. 237; 2 M. & S. 299, 301. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  35. An authority given to two cannot be executed by one. Co. Litt. 112 b, 181 b. And an authority given to three jointly and separately, is not, in general, well executed by two. Co. Litt. 181 b; sed vide 1 Roll. Abr. 329, 1, 5; Com. Dig. Attorney, C 8 3 Pick. R. 232; 2 Pick. R. 345; 12 Mass. R. 185; 6 Pick. R. 198; 6 John. R. 39; Story, Ag. 42. These rules apply to on authority of a private nature, which must be executed by all to whom it is given; and notto a power of a public nature, which may be executed by all to whom majority. 9 Watts, R. 466; 5 Bin. 484, 5; 9 S, & R. 99. 2. When the authority is particular, it must in general be strictly pursued, or it will be void, unless the variance be merely circumstantial. Co. Litt. 49 b, 303, b; 6 T. R. 591; 2 H. Bl. 623 Co. Lit. 181 , b; 1 Tho. Co. Lit. 852. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  36. As to the form to be observed in the execution of an authority, it is a general rule that an act done under a power of attorney must be done in the name Of the person who gives a power, and not in the attorney's name. 9 Co. 76, 77. It has been holden that the name of the attorney is not requisite. 1 W. & S. 328, 332; Moor, pl. 1106; Str. 705; 2 East, R. 142; Moor, 818; Paley on Ag. by Lloyd, 175; Story on Ag. 146 T 9 Ves. 236: 1 Y. & J. 387; 2 M. & S. 299; 4 Campb. R. 184; 2 Cox, R. 84; 9 Co. R. 75; 6 John. R. 94; 9 John. Pi,. 334; 10 Wend. R. 87; 4 Mass. R. 595; 2 Kent, Com. 631, 3d ed. But it matters not in what words this is done, if it sufficiently appear to be in the name of the principal, as, for A B, (the principal,) C D, (the attorney,) which has been held to be sufficient. See 15 Serg. & R. 55; 11 Mass. R. 97; 22 Pick. R. 168; 12 Mass. R. 237 9 Mass. 335; 16 Mass. R. 461; 1 Cowen, 513; 3 Wend. 94; Story, Ag. 154,275, 278, 395; Story on P. N., 69; 2 East, R. 142; 7 Watt's R. 121 6 John. R. 94. But see contra, Bac. Ab. Leases, J 10; 9 Co, 77; l Hare & Wall. Sel. Dec. 426. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  37. The execution musr take place during the continuance, of the authority, which is determined either by revocation, or performance of the commission. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  38. In general, an authority is revocable, unless it be given as a security, or it be coupled with an interest. 3 Watts & Serg. 14; 4 Campb. N. P. 272; 7 Ver. 28; 2 Kent's Com. 506; 8 Wheat. 203; 2 Cowen, 196; 2 Esp. N. P. Cases, 565; Bac. Abr. h. t. The revocation (q. v.) is either express or implied; when it is express and made known to the person authorized, the authority is at an end; the revocation is implied when the principal dies, or, if a female, marries; or the subject of the authority is destroyed, as if a man have authority to sell my house, and it is destroyed by fire or to buy for me a horse, and before the execution of the authority, the horse dies. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  39. When once the agent has exercised all the authority given to him, the authority is at an end. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  40. An authority is to be so construed as to include all necessary or usual means of executing it with effect 2 H. Bl. 618; 1 Roll. R. 390; Palm. 394 10 Ves. 441; 6 Serg. & R. 149; Com'. Dig. Attorney, C 15; 4 Campb. R. 163 Story on Ag. 58 to 142; 1 J. J. Marsh. R. 293 5 Johns. R. 58 1 Liv. on Ag. 103, 4 and when the agent acts, avowedly as such, within his authority, he is not personally responsible . Pal. on Ag. 4, 5. Vide, generally, 3 Vin. Ab. 416; Bac. Ab. h. f.; 1 Salk. 95 Com. Dig. h. t., and the titles there referred to. 1 Roll. Ab. 330 2 Roll. Ab. 9 Bouv. Inst. Index, h. t. and the articles, Attorney; Agency; Agent; Principal. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  41. Government. The right and power which an officer has in the exercise of a public function to compel obedience to his lawful commands. A judge, for example, has authority to enforce obedience to his not being correct. Merlin, Repertoire, mot Authentique. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  42. awth-or'it-i, n. legal power or right: power derived from office or character: weight of testimony: permission:--pl. AUTHOR'ITIES, precedents: opinions or sayings carrying weight: persons in power.--adj. AUTHOR'ITATIVE, having the sanction or weight of authority: dictatorial.--adv. AUTHOR'ITATIVELY.--n. AUTHOR'ITATIVENESS. [L. auctoritatem, auctoritas, auctor.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  43. Power, right, to enforce obedience; delegated power (to do, for an act. or abs.); person having authority; personal influence, esp. over opinion; weight of testimony; book, quotation, considered to settle a question; person whose opinion is accepted. esp. expert in (on) a subject. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  44. on the a. of a book, person, &c., with it or him serving as one\'s warrant for a statement &c. Concise Oxford Dictionary
  45. n. Legal or rightful power to command or act; dominion; –influence of character, office, station; –mental or moral superiority, and the like; –a decision of a court; official declaration, opinion, or statement worthy to be taken as a precedent; a book that contains such, or the name of its author; –pl. the executive powers. Cabinet Dictionary
  46. Legal power; influence, credit; power, rule; support, countenance; testimony; credibility. Complete Dictionary

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