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Definitions of battery

  1. the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target; "they laid down a barrage in front of the advancing troops"; "the shelling went on for hours without pausing" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. a collection of related things intended for use together; "took a battery of achievement tests" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. The act of battering or beating. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. The unlawful beating of another. It includes every willful, angry and violent, or negligent touching of another's person or clothes, or anything attached to his person or held by him. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. Any place where cannon or mortars are mounted, for attack or defense. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. Two or more pieces of artillery in the field. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. A company or division of artillery, including the gunners, guns, horses, and all equipments. In the United States, a battery of flying artillery consists usually of six guns. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A number of coated jars (Leyden jars) so connected that they may be charged and discharged simultaneously. Webster Dictionary DB
  14. An apparatus for generating voltaic electricity. Webster Dictionary DB
  15. A number of similar machines or devices in position; an apparatus consisting of a set of similar parts; as, a battery of boilers, of retorts, condensers, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  16. A series of stamps operated by one motive power, for crushing ores containing the precious metals. Webster Dictionary DB
  17. The box in which the stamps for crushing ore play up and down. Webster Dictionary DB
  18. The pitcher and catcher together. Webster Dictionary DB
  19. A crime consisting of physical contact that is intended to harm someone. Unintentional harmful contact is not battery, no mater how careless the behavior or how severe the injury. A fist fight is a common battery; being hit by a wild pitch in a baseball game is not.
  20. The act of beating another; as, in law, assault and battery; a number of large guns with their accompaniment of officers, men, and equipments, for field operations; any raised work where guns are mounted and gunners protected; an apparatus for producing electricity. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  21. An apparatus for the generation of galvanic electricity by chemical action; it may consist of one cell or of any number of cells connected in a series. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  22. A number of cannon with their equipment: the place on which cannon are mounted: the men and horses attending a battery: an instrument used in electric and galvanic experiments: (law) an assault by beating or wounding. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  23. The act of beating; a line of cannon; the place on which cannon are mounted; an electrical apparatus. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  24. (1) An earthwork enclosing cannon. (2) A company of artillerymen or their guns and other equipment. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  25. Elec. A group of cells, dynamos, etc. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  26. The unlawful use of force by one person upon another. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  27. An instrument for battering or attack; a certain number of cannon for the field, their equipment, and the artillerymen; the men of a battery; a raised work on which cannon are placed, usually protected by a parapet, to screen the gunners; the unlawful beating or even touching of another; a number of coated jars placed in such a manner that they may be charged at the same time, and discharged in the same manner; a pile or series of plates of copper and zinc, or of any substances susceptible of galvanic action. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  28. In mil., a parapet or wall breast high, thrown up to protect the gunners and others, or as a position for guns; any number of guns and mortars ranged in order for firing; an apparatus for generating the electric fluid : masked-battery, a battery screened from the sight of the enemy by any contrivance. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  29. Any unlawful beating, or other wrongful physical violence or constraint, inflicted on a human being without his consent. 2 Bish. Crim. Law, thelawdictionary.org
  30. It is proposed to consider, 1. What is a battery; 2. When a battery, may be justified. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  31. §1. A battery is the unlawful touching the person of another by the aggressor himself, or any other substance put in motion by him. 1 Saund. 29, b. n. 1; Id. 13 & 14, n. 3. It must be either wilfully committed, or proceed from want of due care. Str. 596; Hob. 134; Plowd. 19 3 Wend. 391. Hence an injury, be it never so small, done to the person of another, in an angry, spiteful, rude or insolent manner, as by spitting in his face, or any way touching him in anger, or violently jostling him, are batteries in the eye of the law. 1 Hawk. P. C. 263. See 1 Selw. N. P. 33, 4. And any thing attached to the person partakes of its inviolability if, therefore, A strikes a cane in the hands of B, it is a battery. 1 Dall. 1 14 1 Ch. Pr. 37; 1 Penn. R. 380; 1 Hill's R. 46; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 534 . 1 Baldw. R. 600. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  32. - §2. A battery may be justified, 1. on the ground of the parental relation 2. in the exercise of an office; 3. under process of a court of justice or other legal tribunal 4. in aid of an authority in law; and lastly, as a necessary means of defence. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  33. First. As a salutary mode of correction. For example: a parent may correct his child, a master his apprentice, a schoolmaster his scholar; 24 Edw. IV.; Easter, 17, p. 6 and a superior officer, one under his command. Keilw. pl. 120, p. 136 Bull. N. P. 19 Bee, 161; 1 Bay, 3; 14 John. R. 119 15 Mass. 365; and vide Cowp. 173; 15 Mass. 347. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  34. As a means to preserve the peace; and therefore if the plaintiff assaults or is fighting with another, the defendant may lay hands upon him, and restrain him until his anger is cooled; but he cannot strike him in order to protect 'the party assailed, as he way in self-defence. 2 Roll. Abr. 359, E, pl. 3. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  35. Watchmen may arrest, and detain in prison for examination, persons walking in the streets by might, whom there is reasonable ground to suspect of felony, although there is no proof of a felony having been committed. 3 Taunt. 14. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  36. Any person has a right to arrest another to prevent a felony. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  37. Any one may arrest another upon suspicion of felony, provided a felony has actually been committed and there is reasonable ground for suspecting the person arrested to be the criminal, and that the party making the arrest, himself entertained the suspicion. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  38. Any private individual may arrest a felon. Hale's P. C. 89. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  39. It is lawful for every man to lay hands on another to preserve public decorum; as to turn him out of church, and to prevent him from disturbing the congregation or a funeral ceremony. 1 Mod. 168; and see 1 Lev. 196; 2 Keb. 124. But a request to desist should be first made, unless the urgent necessity of the case dispenses with it. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  40. Secondly. A battery may be justified in the exercise of an office. 1. A constable may freshly arrest one who, in, his view, has committed a breach of the peace, and carry him before a magistrate. But if an offence has been committed out of the constable's sight, he cannot arrest, unless it amounts to a felony; 1 Brownl. 198 or a felony is likely to ensue. Cro. Eliz. 375. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  41. A justice of the peace may generally do all acts which a constable has authority to perform hence he may freshly arrest one who, in his view has broken the peace; or he may order a constable at the moment to take him up. Kielw. 41. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  42. Thirdly. A battery may be justified under the process of a court of justice, or of a magistrate having competent jurisdiction. See 16 Mass. 450; 13 Mass. 342. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  43. Fourthly. A battery may be justified in aid of an authority in law. Every person is empowered to restrain breaches of the peace, by virtue of the authority vested in him by the law. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  44. Lastly. A battery may be justified as a necessary means of defence. 1. Against the plaintiffs assaults in the following instances: In defence of himself, his wife, 3 Salk. 46, his child, and his servant. Ow. 150; sed vide 1 Salk. 407. So, likewise, the wife may justify a battery in defending her hushand; Ld. Raym. 62; the child its parent; 3 Salk. 46; and the servant his master. In these situations, the party need not wait until a blow has been given, for then he might come too late, and be disabled from warding off a second stroke, or from protecting the person assailed. Care, however, must be taken, that the battery do not exceed the bounds of necessary defence and protection; for it is only permitted as a means to avert an impending evil, which might otherwise overwhelm the party, and not as a punishment or retaliation for the injurious attempt. Str. 953. The degree of force necessary to repel an assault will naturally depend upon, and be proportioned to, the violence of the assailant; but with this limitation any degree is justifiable. Ld. Raym. 177; 2 Salk. 642. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  45. A battery may likewise be justified in the necessary defence of one's property; if the plaintiff is in the act of entering peaceably upon the defendant's land, or having entered, is discovered, not committing violence, a request to depart is necessary in the first instance; 2 Salk. 641; and if the plaintiff refuses, the defendant may then, and not till then, gently lay hands upon the plaintiff to remove him from the close and for this purpose may use, if necessary, any degree of force short of striking the plaintiff, as by thrusting him off. Skinn. 228. If the plaintiff resists, the defendant may oppose force to force. 8 T. R. 78. But if the plaintiff is in the act of forcibly entering upon the land, or having entered, is discovered subverting the soil, cutting down a tree or the like, 2 Salk. 641, a previous request is unnecessary, and the defendant may immediately lay hands upon the plaintiff. 8 T. R. 78. A man may justify a battery in defence of his personal property, without a previous request, if another forcibly attempt to take away such property. 2 Salk. 641. Vide Rudeness; Wantonness. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  46. bat'[.e]r-i, n. (Shak.) a wound: a number of cannon with their equipment: the place on which cannon are mounted: the men and horses attending one battery, constituting the unit in the artillery: an instrument used in electric and galvanic experiments: (law) an assault by beating or wounding: apparatus for preparing or serving meals.--CROSS BATTERIES, two batteries commanding the same spot from different directions; FLOATING BATTERY (see FLOAT); MASKED BATTERY, a battery in action out of the enemy's view; TO CHANGE ONE'S BATTERY, to alter the direction of attacking. gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  47. (Law) infliction of blows, or of the least menacing touch to clothes or person (esp. in phr. Assault& b.); (Mil.) set of guns for combined action with their men& horses, platform or fortification made to contain guns, (fig.) turn a man\'s b. against himself (in argument); (in various sciences& arts) set of similar or connected cells, instruments, or utensils (electric, galvanic, optical, cooking); hammered brass or copper vessels. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  48. Series of cells affording galvanic currents. American pocket medical dictionary.
  49. Galvanic or faradic battery. An apparatus for generating voltaic electricity, consisting of a, pile or series of plates of copper and zinc or of any materials susceptible of galvanic action. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  50. [Fr.] Any number of guns grouped together, and having a separate equipment and organization of gunners. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  51. The fortification behind which guns are mounted. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  52. n. Act of battering;-any place where cannon are mounted;-a number of cannon taken collectively;-a number of jars, charged with electric fluid; -an apparatus for generating galvanic electricity;-the unlawful beating of another. Cabinet Dictionary
  53. The act of battering; the instruments with which a town is battered; the frame upon which cannons are mounted; in law, a violent striking of any man. Complete Dictionary

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