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Definitions of carbon

  1. an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a copy made with carbon paper Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery. Webster Dictionary DB
  6. A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight 12.011. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE. Medical Dictionary DB
  7. A nonmetallic element occurring in nature as the diamond and as graphite, and in coal, charcoal, coke, etc., and all organic substances; anything made of carbon, as the rod of an arc lamp. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  8. Carbonaceous. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  9. A non-metallic tetrad element, symbol C, atomic weight 12. It occurs in two forms; the diamond and graphite, and also occurs in impure form in charcoal, coke, and soot. It is found in all living tissues, and the study of its vast number of compounds constitutes organic chemistry. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  10. A non-metallic element, the constituent of atmosphere, coal, charcoal, diamond and graphite. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  11. An elementary substance, widely diffused, of which pure charcoal is an example. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  12. Pure charcoal. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  13. A non metallic chemical element; pure charcoal. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  14. Pure charcoal, existing pure only in the diamond. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  15. a sheet of carbon paper. dictgcide_fs
  16. a carbon copy. dictgcide_fs
  17. kär'bon, n. an elementary substance, widely diffused, of which pure charcoal is an example.--n. CAR'BIDE, a compound of carbon with a metal, formerly called CAR'BURET.--adjs. CARBON[=A]'CEOUS, CARBON'IC, pertaining to or composed of carbon.--n. CAR'BONATE, a salt formed by the union of carbonic acid with a base.--adjs. CAR'BONATED, combined or impregnated with carbonic acid; CARBONIF'EROUS, producing carbon or coal.--n. CARBONIS[=A]'TION--v.t. CAR'BONISE, to make into carbon.--CARBONIC ACID, an acid formed of carbon and oxygen, generally gaseous, and evolved by respiration and combustion. [Fr. carbone--L. carbon-em, coal.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  18. Carbo-c. Sesqui-iodide of, Carbonis sesqui-iodidum-c. Bisulphuret of, Carbonis sulphuretum-c. Sesquichloride of, Carbonis trichloridum-c. Sulphide of, Carbonis sulphuretum-c. Sulphuret of, Carbonis sulphuretum-c. Terchloride of, Carbonis trichloridum, see Chloroform. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  19. [Latin] A non-metallic, solid, tetrad element; symbol, C; atomic weight, 11.97. It occurs in the crystalline form as diamond and graphite, and in the amorphous form as coal, charcoal, and lampblack. It is the characteristic element of organic compounds, occurring in the hydrocarbons and their derivatives, the carbohydrates, the alkaloids, and the proteids. With oxygen it forms C. monoxide, CO, a poisonous gas, and C. dioxide, CO2, a colorless, odorless gas, which combines with water to form carbonic acid. C. dioxide is formed by the decomposition of the carbonates and carbonic acid, and is present in all effervescing waters. C. disulphide (C. bisulphide), CS2 (Carbonei disurphidum, U. S., Carbonis bisulphidum, B. P., Carboneum sulfuratum, G. P.), a colorless, volatile liquid, which is used as a counter-irritant and local ansesthetic in neuralgia and in slight operations, and also as a solvent. C. nitride, CN, cyanogen. C. tetrachloride (chlorcarbon, tetracnlormethane, Carbonei tetrachloridum), CCl4, an oily liquid that can be used as an anesthetic. na
  20. (chem.). Non-metallic element occurring as diamond, graphite, & charcoal, in carbonic acid gas, the carbonates, & most organic compounds; (Electr.) charcoal pencil used in one form of electric lighting; c. printing, process, producing permanent prints in black and white; c.-paper, for taking copies of letters &c. Hence carbonate n. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  21. A tetrad element found in charcoal, diamond, and graphite. American pocket medical dictionary.
  22. A non-metallic element occurring in nature uncombined, in the form of anthracite, the diamond, and graphite. Wood charcoal, lampblack, and animal charcoal consist almost entirely of elementary c. Combined with oxygen, it occurs to a small extent in the atmosphere, and in the form of organic compounds it is found in all animal and vegetable tissues. It is also found as a relic of extinct animal and vegetable organisms in the form of carbonates (chalk, coral, limestone) and of coal, and its occurrence in petroleum is probably of like origin. It is also produced (in the form of lampblack, gas c, or charcoal by the incomplete combustion of animal or vegetable tissue. Chemical symbol C. Atomic weight, 12. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  23. dioxid. See carbon dioxid, under carbon Appleton's medical dictionary.
  24. [L. ] (Geol.) A nonmetallic element, existing in a pure state as diamond or charcoal. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  25. n. [Latin] An elementary substance, forming the base of charcoal, and entering largely into mineral coals and black lead. Cabinet Dictionary

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