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Definitions of challenge

  1. take exception to; "She challenged his claims" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. a demand by a sentry for a password or identification Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. questioning a statement and demanding an explanation; "he challenged the assumption that Japan is our enemy" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. a formal objection to the selection of a particular person as a juror Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. a call to engage in a contest or fight Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. a demanding or stimulating situation; "they reacted irrationally to the challenge of Russian power" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. raise a formal objection in a court of law Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. ask for identification; "The illegal immigrant was challenged by the border guard" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  9. issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  10. questioning a statement and demanding an explanation; "his challenge of the assumption that Japan is still our enemy" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  11. An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A claim or demand. Webster Dictionary DB
  14. The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game. Webster Dictionary DB
  15. An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in trial upon him or his cause. Webster Dictionary DB
  16. An exception to a person as not legally qualified to vote. The challenge must be made when the ballot is offered. Webster Dictionary DB
  17. To call to a contest of any kind; to call to answer; to defy. Webster Dictionary DB
  18. To call, invite, or summon to answer for an offense by personal combat. Webster Dictionary DB
  19. To claim as due; to demand as a right. Webster Dictionary DB
  20. To censure; to blame. Webster Dictionary DB
  21. To take exception to; question; as, to challenge the accuracy of a statement or of a quotation. Webster Dictionary DB
  22. To object to or take exception to, as to a juror, or member of a court. Webster Dictionary DB
  23. To object to the reception of the vote of, as on the ground that the person in not qualified as a voter. Webster Dictionary DB
  24. To assert a right; to claim a place. Webster Dictionary DB
  25. To question or demand the countersign from (one who attempts to pass the lines); as, the sentinel challenged us, with Who comes there? Webster Dictionary DB
  26. An invitation to a contest; especially, a summons to fight; the demand of a countersign by a soldier on sentry duty. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  27. To summon to a contest; take exception to; as, to challenge the truth of a statement; to demand the countersign from. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  28. Challenger. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  29. To call on one to settle a matter by fighting or any kind of contest: to claim as one's own: to accuse: to object to. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  30. A summons to a contest of any kind: exception to a juror: the demand of a sentry. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  31. To claim; to summon to a contest; to object to. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  32. To dare; invite; defy; claim; question; call out to a duel; dispute; object to. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  33. A call or defiance; summons to a duel; objection, as to a voter. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  34. A defiance or summons to fight a duel; an invitation to a contest of any kind; the call of a sentinel; the calling in question of a person's right; exception taken to a juror; the opening and trying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  35. To defy a person by calling on him to make good his point in single combat; to call to a contest of any kind; to summon to answer; to demand a right; to object to. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  36. To call or summon to fight; to call to answer; to call to prove an assertion; to take exception to a juror. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  37. This word has several significations. 1. It is an exception or objection to a juror. 2. A call by one person upon another to a single combat, which is said to be a challenge to fight. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  38. Criminal law. A request by one person to another, to fight a duel. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  39. It is a high offence at common law, and indictable, as tending to a breach of the peace. It may be in writing or verbally. Vide Hawk. P. C. b. 1, c. 63, s. 3; 6 East, R. 464; 8 East, R. 581; 1 Dana, R. 524; 1 South.. R. 40; 3 Wheel. Cr. C. 245 3 Rogers' Rec. 133; 2 M'Cord, R. 334 1 Hawks. R. 487; 1 Const. R. 107. He who carries a challenge is also punishable by indictment. In most of the states, this barbarous practice is punishable by special laws. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  40. In most of the civilized nations challenging another to fight. is a crime, as calculated to destroy the public peace; and those who partake in the offence are generally liable to punishment. In Spain it is punished by loss of offices, rents, and horrors received from the king, and the delinquent is incapable to hold them in future. Aso & Man. Inst. B. 2, t. 19, c. 2, 6. See, generally, 6 J. J. @larsh. 120; 1 Munf. 468; 1 Russ. on Cr. 275; 6 J. J. Marsh. 1 19; Coust. Rep. 10 7; Joy on Chal. passim. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  41. Practice. An exception made to jurors who are to pass on a trial; to a judge; or to a sheriff. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  42. It will be proper here to consider, 1. the several kinds of challenges; 2. by whom they are to be made; 3. the time and manner of making them. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  43. The several kinds of challenges may be divided into those which are peremptory, and those which are for cause. 1. Peremptory challenges are those 'which are made without assigning any reason, and which the court must allow. The number of these which the prisoner was allowed at common law, in all cases of felony, was thirty-five, or one under three full juries. This is regulated by the local statutes of the different states, and the number except in capital cases, has been probably reduced. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  44. Challenges for cause are to the array or to the polls. 1. A challenge to the array is made on account of some defect in making the return to the venire, and is at once an objection to all the jurors in the panel. It is either a principal challenge, that is, one founded on some manifest partiality, or error committed in selecting, depositing, drawing or summoning the jurors, by not pursuing the directions of the acts of the legislature; or a challenge for favor. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  45. A challenge to the polls is objection made separately to each juror as he is about to be sworn. Challenges to the polls, like those to the array, are either principal or to the favor. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  46. First, principal challenges may be made on various grounds: 1st. propter defectum, on account of some personal objection, as alienage, infancy, old age, or the want of those qualifications required by legislative enactment. 2d. Propter affectum, because of some presumed or actual partiality in the juryman who is made the subject of the objection; on this ground a juror may be objected to, if he is related to either within the ninth degree, or is so connected by affinity; this is supposed to bias the juror's mind, and is only a presumption of partiality. Coxe, 446; 6 Greenl. 307; 3 Day, 491. A juror who has conscientious scruples in finding a verdict in a capital case, may be challenged. 1 Bald. 78. Much stronger is the reason for this challenge, where the juryman has expressed his wishes as to the result of the trial, or his opinion of the guilt or innocence of the defendant. 4 Harg. St. Tr. 748; Hawk. b. 2, c. 43, s. 28; Bac. Ab. Juries, E 5. And the smallest degree of interest in the matter to be tried is a decisive objection against a juror. 1 Bay, 229; 8 S. & R. 444; 2 Tyler, 401. But see 5 Mass. 90. 3d. The third ground of principal challenge to the polls, is propter delictum, or the legal incompetency of the juror on the ground of infamy. The court, when satisfied from their own examination, decide as to the principal challenges to the polls, without any further investigation and there is no occasion for the appointment of triers. Co. Litt. 157, b; Bac. Ab. Juries, E 12; 8 Watts. R. 304. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  47. - Secondly. Challenges to the poll for favor may be made, when, although the juror is not so evidently partial that his supposed bias will be sufficient to authorize. a principal challenge, yet there are reasonable grounds to suspect that he will act under some undue influence or prejudice. The causes for such cballenge are manifestly very numerous, and depend, on a variety of circumstances. The fact to be ascertained is, whether the juryman is altogether indifferent as he stands unsworn, because, even unconsciously to himself, be may be swayed to one side. The line whicb separates the causes for principal challenges, and for challenge to the favor, is not very distinctly marked. That the juror has acted as godfather to the child of the prosecutor or defendant, is cause for a principal cballenge; Co. Litt. 157, a; while the fact that the party and the juryman are fellow servants, and that the latter has been entertained at the house of the former, is only cause for challenge to the favor. Co. Litt. 147; Bac. Ab. Juries, E 5. Challenges to the favor are not decided upon by the court, but are settled by triers. (q. v.) 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  48. The challenges may be made by the government, or those who represent it, or by the defendant, in criminal cases; or they may be made by either party in civil cases. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  49. As to the time of making the challenge, it is to be observed that it is a general rule, that no challenge can be made either to the array or to the polls, until a full jury have made their appearance, because if that should be the case, the issue will remain pro defectu juratorum; and on this account, the party who intends to challenge the array, may, under such a contingency, pray a tales to complete the number, and then object to the panel. The proper time, of challenging, is between the appearance and the swearing of the jurors. The order of making challenges is to the array first, and should not that be supported, then to the polls; challenging any one juror, waives the right of challenging the array. Co. Litt. 158, a; Bac. Ab. Juries, E 11. The proper manner of making the challenge, is to state all the objections against the jurors at one time; and the party will not be allowed to make a second objection to the same juror, when the first has been over-ruled. But when a juror has been challenged on one side, and found indifferent, he may still be challenged on the other. When the juror has been cliallenged for cause, and been pronounced impartial, he may still be challenged peremptorily. 6 T. R. 531; 4 Bl. Com. 356; Hawk. b. 2, c. 46, s. 10. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  50. As to the mode of making the challenge, the rule is, that a challenge to the array must be in writing; but when it is only to a single individual, the words " I challenge him " are sufficient in a civil case, or on the part of the defendant, in a criminal case when the challenge is made for the prosecution, the attorney-general says, We challenge him." 4 Harg. St. Tr. 740 Tr. per Pais, 172; and see Cro. C. 105; 2 Lil. Entr. 472; 10 Wentw. 474; 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 533 to 551. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  51. Interest forms the only ground at common law for challenging a judge. It is no ground of challenge that he has given an opinion in the case before. 4 Bin. 349; 2 Bin. 454. By statute, there are in some states several other grounds of challenge. See Courts of the U. S., 633 64. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  52. The sheriff may be challenged for favor as well as affinity. Co. Litt. 158, a; 10 Serg. &. R. 336-7. And the challenge need not be made to the court, but only to the prothonotary. Yet the Sheriff cannot be passed by in the direction of process without cause, as he is the proper officer to execute writs, except in case of partiality. Yet if process be directed to the coroner without cause, it is not void. He cannot dispute the authority of the court, but must execute it at his peril, and the misdirection is aided by thc statutes of amendment. 11 Serg. & R. 303. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  53. chal'enj, v.t. to call on one to settle a matter by fighting or by any kind of contest: to claim as one's own: to accuse; to object to.--n. a summons to a contest of any kind, but esp. a duel: a calling of any one or anything in question: exception to a juror: the demand of a sentry.--adj. CHALL'ENGEABLE, that may be challenged.--n. CHALL'ENGER, one who challenges to a combat of any kind: a claimant: one who objects, calls in question. [O. Fr. chalenge, a dispute, a claim--L. calumnia, a false accusation--calvi, calv[)e]re, to deceive.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  54. Calling to account (sentry\'s c., \'Who goes there?\'); exception taken (e. g. to juryman); summons to trial or contest, esp. to duel, defiance. [Latin] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  55. Call to account (of sentry, & fig.); take exception to (evidence, juryman), dispute, deny; claim (attention, admiration, &c.); invite to contest, game, or duel, defy. Hence challengeable a., challenger1 n. [old French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  56. Exod. xxii. 9; claim. [O.Fr.] Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  57. n. [Norman] An invitation or demand of any kind;—a summons to single combat;—the call of a sentry at this post;—an exception to a juror. Cabinet Dictionary
  58. A summons to combat; a demand of something as due; in law, an exception taken either against persons or things. Complete Dictionary

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