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Definitions of elder

  1. older brother or sister; "big sister" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son; "Bill Adams, Sr." Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a person who is older than you are Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. any of various church officers Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. Older; more aged, or existing longer. Webster Dictionary DB
  7. One who is older; a superior in age; a senior. Webster Dictionary DB
  8. An aged person; one who lived at an earlier period; a predecessor. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. A person who, on account of his age, occupies the office of ruler or judge; hence, a person occupying any office appropriate to such as have the experience and dignity which age confers; as, the elders of Israel; the elders of the synagogue; the elders in the apostolic church. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. A clergyman authorized to administer all the sacraments; as, a traveling elder. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; - opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE best known for Elderberries. Medical Dictionary DB
  14. Older; prior in time, origin, or appointment. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  15. One older in age, rank, or station; in certain Protestant churches, a governing officer, or minister; a shrub with a spongy pith and purple berries. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  16. Sambucus, the dried flowers of Sambucus canadensis. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  17. A small tree with a spongy pith, bearing useful purple berries. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  18. Older: having lived a longer time: prior in origin. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  19. One who is older: an ancestor: one advanced to office on account of age: one of the office-bearers in the Presbyterian Church. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  20. An older person; an official in some churches; a bush with spongy pith. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  21. Eldest. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  22. Older; born earlier. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  23. Having lived longer; senior; older. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  24. An older or aged person; patriarch; church officer or minister. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  25. A shrub with white flowers and purple - black or red berries. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  26. Older; having lived a longer time; prior in origin; preceding in the date. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  27. One who is older; an ancestor; one who, on account of his age and experience, is selected for office; one who held office in the early Christian Church; in the Presbyterian Church, a member of what, in connection with a congregation, is called the kirk-session, which is presided over by the minister, and superintends and administers the order and discipline of the Church; the player who leads. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  28. A genus of shrubs and small trees; a small tree with a spongy pith, bearing dark purple berries. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  29. Senior; opposed to younger; older; comp. degree of old. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  30. One advanced in life; an office-bearer in a Presbyterian church. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  31. A common tree producing white flowers and dark-purple berries. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  32. The term elder, or old man as the Hebrew literally imports, was one of extensive use, as an official title, among the Hebrews and the surrounding nations, because the heads of tribes and the leading people who had acquired influence were naturally the older people of the nation. It had reference to various offices. ( Genesis 24:2 ; 50:7 ; 2 Samuel 12:17 ; Ezekiel 27:9 ) As betokening a political office, it applied not only to the Hebrews, but also to the Egyptians, ( Genesis 50:7 ) the Moabites and the Midianites. ( Numbers 22:7 ) The earliest notice of the elders acting in concert as a political body is at the time of the Exodus. They were the representatives of the people, so much so that elders and people are occasionally used as equivalent terms; comp. ( Joshua 24:1 ) with ( Joshua 24:2 Joshua 24:19 Joshua 24:21 ) and ( 1 Samuel 8:4 ) with ( 1 Samuel 8:7 1 Samuel 8:10 1 Samuel 8:19 ) Their authority was undefined, and extended to all matters concerning the public weal. Their number and influence may be inferred from ( 1 Samuel 30:26 )ff. They retained their position under all the political changes which the Jews underwent. The seventy elders mentioned in Exodus and Numbers were a sort of governing body, a parliament, and the origin of the tribunal of seventy elders called the Sanhedrin or Council. In the New Testament Church the elders or presbyters were the same as the bishops. It was an office derived from the Jewish usage of elders or rulers of the synagogues. [BISHOP] biblestudytools.com
  33. a name frequently used in the Old Testament as denoting a person clothed with authority, and entitled to respect and reverence ( Genesis 50:7 ). It also denoted a political office ( Numbers 22:7 ). The "elders of Israel" held a rank among the people indicative of authority. Moses opened his commission to them ( Exodus 3:16 ). They attended Moses on all important occasions. Seventy of them attended on him at the giving of the law ( Exodus 24:1 ). Seventy also were selected from the whole number to bear with Moses the burden of the people ( Numbers 11:16 Numbers 11:17 ). The "elder" is the keystone of the social and political fabric wherever the patriarchal system exists. At the present day this is the case among the Arabs, where the sheik (i.e., "the old man") is the highest authority in the tribe. The body of the "elders" of Israel were the representatives of the people from the very first, and were recognized as such by Moses. All down through the history of the Jews we find mention made of the elders as exercising authority among the people. They appear as governors ( Deuteronomy 31:28 ), as local magistrates ( 16:18 ), administering justice ( 19:12 ). They were men of extensive influence ( 1 Samuel 30:26-31 ). In New Testament times they also appear taking an active part in public affairs ( Matthew 16:21 ; 21:23 ; 26:59 ). The Jewish eldership was transferred from the old dispensation to the new. "The creation of the office of elder is nowhere recorded in the New Testament, as in the case of deacons and apostles, because the latter offices were created to meet new and special emergencies, while the former was transmitted from the earlies times. In other words, the office of elder was the only permanent essential office of the church under either dispensation." The "elders" of the New Testament church were the "pastors" ( Ephesians 4:11 ), "bishops or overseers" ( Acts 20:28 ), "leaders" and "rulers" ( Hebrews 13:7 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:12 ) of the flock. Everywhere in the New Testament bishop and presbyter are titles given to one and the same officer of the Christian church. He who is called presbyter or elder on account of his age or gravity is also called bishop or overseer with reference to the duty that lay upon him ( Titus 1:5-7 ; Acts 20:17-28 ; Phil 1:1 ). biblestudytools.com
  34. Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc. mso.anu.edu.au
  35. eld'[.e]r, n. a genus of plants consisting chiefly of shrubs and trees, with pinnate leaves, small flowers (of which the corolla is wheel-shaped and five-cleft), and three-seeded berries--the Common Elder is the Scotch Bourtree.--ns. ELD'ER-BERR'Y, the acidulous purple-black drupaceous fruit of the elder; ELD'ER-GUN, a popgun made of elder-wood by extracting the pith; ELD'ER-WINE, a pleasant wine made from elder-berries.--ELDER-FLOWER WATER, distilled water, with an agreeable odour, made from the flowers. [A.S. ellærn, ellen.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  36. eld'[.e]r, adj. older: having lived a longer time: prior in origin.--n. one who is older: an ancestor: one advanced to office on account of age: one of a class of office-bearers in the Presbyterian Church--equivalent to the presbyters of the New Testament.--n. ELD'ERLINESS.--adj. ELD'ERLY, somewhat old: bordering on old age.--n. ELD'ERSHIP, state of being older: the office of an elder.--adj. ELD'EST, oldest. [A.S. eldra, yldra, comp. of eald, old.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  37. Sambucus- e. Common, Sambucus Canadensis-e. Dwarf, Aralia hispida, Sambucus ebulus-e.Prickly, Aralia spinosa- e. Redberried. Sambucus pubens. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  38. The Sambucus nigra (S. canadensis), an undershrub of the Caprifoliaceae. The flowers (Sambucus, U. S., Sambuci flores, B. P., Flores sambuci, G. P.) contain a volatile oil, and are used as a dressing for wounds, ulcers, burns, haemorrhoids, etc. Aqua sambuci, B. P., is used as a flavoring agent. na
  39. (The) senior (of relations, or of two indicated persons), as his e. brother, which is the e.?; (Cards) e. hand, first player; (n. pl.) persons of greater age, as respect your ee.; person advanced in life; member of a senate; official in early Christian Church (=Greek presbuteros), & in some Protestant (esp. Presbyterian) churches, whence eldership n. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  40. Low white-flowered tree; e. (-berry) wine (made from fruit of this). [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  41. See Sambucus. American pocket medical dictionary.
  42. n. One who is older; a senior; — an ancestor; a predecessor one who is appointed to office on account of his age and presumable experience and wisdom;—presbyter: —ordained minister; —a layman associated with the minister in the government and discipline of the church. Cabinet Dictionary
  43. n. [Anglo-Saxon] A genus of plants having broad umbels of white flowers and dark-red berries. Cabinet Dictionary
  44. Surpassing another in years. Complete Dictionary

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