Definitions of furnace

  1. an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc. Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. An inclosed place in which heat is produced by the combustion of fuel, as for reducing ores or melting metals, for warming a house, for baking pottery, etc.; as, an iron furnace; a hot-air furnace; a glass furnace; a boiler furnace, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  3. A place or time of punishment, affiction, or great trial; severe experience or discipline. Webster Dictionary DB
  4. To throw out, or exhale, as from a furnace; also, to put into a furnace. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. An inclosed structure where coal, wood, and other things are burned to make heat. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  6. A time or place of grievous affliction or torment; as, the furnace of affliction: a place where a vehement fire and heat may be made and maintained, as for melting ores or metals, heating the boiler of a steam-engine, warming a house, baking pottery or bread, and other such purposes. Furnaces are constructed in a great variety of ways, according to the different purposes to which they are applied. In constructing furnaces the following objects are kept in view:- (1) To obtain the greatest quantity of heat from a given quantity of fuel. (2) To prevent the dissipation of the heat after it is produced. (3) To concentrate the heat and direct it as much as possible to the substances to be acted upon. (4) To be able to regulate at pleasure the necessary degree of heat and have it wholly under the operator's management. An air furnace is one in which the flames are urged only by the natural draught; a blast furnace, one in which the heat is intensified by the injection of a strong current of air by artificial means; a re-verberatory furnace, one in which the flames in passing to the chimney are thrown down by a low-arched roof upon the objects which it is intended to expose to their action. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  7. Inclosed fireplace; place for melting metals, &c. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  8. A structure enclosing a fire chamber, as for smelting or heating. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  9. Any enclosed fire-place in which to produce a violent heat, for melting ores, metals, &c.; a situation of severe affliction, conceived as sent to purify. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  10. To throw out sparks as a furnace. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  11. An enclosed fireplace for obtaining a high degree of heat; grievous afflictions. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  12. Various kinds of furnaces are noticed in the Bible, such as a smelting or calcining furnace, ( Genesis 19:28 ; Exodus 9:8 Exodus 9:10 ; 19:18 ) especially a lime-kiln, ( Isaiah 33:12 ; Amos 2:1 ) a refining furnace, ( Proverbs 17:3 ) Nebuchadnezzars furnace, a large furnace built like a brick-kiln, ( Daniel 3:22 Daniel 3:23 ) with two openings one at the top for putting in the materials, and another below for removing them; the potters furnace, Ecclus. 27:5; The blacksmiths furnace. Ecclus. 38:28. The Persians were in the habit of using the furnace as a means of inflicting punishment. ( Daniel 3:22 Daniel 3:23 ; Jeremiah 29:22 ) biblestudytools.com
  13. Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top of which materials were cast in ( Daniel 3:22 Daniel 3:23 ; Compare Jeremiah 29:22 ). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia. biblestudytools.com
  14. Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace ( Genesis 19:28 ), also a lime-kiln ( Isaiah 33:12 ; Amos 2:1 ). biblestudytools.com
  15. Heb. kur, a refining furnace ( Proverbs 17:3 ; 27:21 ; Ezek. 22:18 ). biblestudytools.com
  16. Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in Psalms 12:6 . biblestudytools.com
  17. Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread ( Genesis 15:17 ; Isaiah 31:9 ; Nehemiah 3:11 ). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning lamp" ( Genesis 15:17 ), the symbol of the presence of the Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (See OVEN .) biblestudytools.com
  18. Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven ( Matthew 13:42 Matthew 13:50 ; Revelation 1:15 ; 9:2 ). These dictionary topics are fromM.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible DictionaryBibliography InformationEaston, Matthew George. "Entry for Furnace". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". . biblestudytools.com
  19. fur'n[=a]s, n. an oven or enclosed fireplace for melting ores and other purposes: a time or place of grievous affliction or torment.--v.t. to exhale like a furnace: to subject to the heat of a furnace. [O. Fr. fornais--L. fornax--fornus, an oven.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  20. Apparatus including chamber for combustibles in which minerals, metals, &c., may be subjected to continuous intense heat; hot place; severe test (esp. tried in the f.); closed fireplace for heating building by hot pipes; (vb) heat in f. [old French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  21. n. [Latin] An inclosed place where a hot fire is maintained, as for smelting ores, for warming a house, for baking bread, or other purposes;—fireplace; oven; stove;—a place of trial or affliction;—a place of torment; hell. Cabinet Dictionary
  22. An inclosed fireplace. Complete Dictionary

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