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Definitions of ganglion

  1. an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. A mass or knot of nervous matter, including nerve cells, usually forming an enlargement in the course of a nerve. Webster Dictionary DB
  3. A node, or gland in the lymphatic system; as, a lymphatic ganglion. Webster Dictionary DB
  4. A globular, hard, indolent tumor, situated somewhere on a tendon, and commonly formed by the effusion of a viscid fluid into it; - called also weeping sinew. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. A nerve center. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  6. 1. An aggregation of nerve-cells within the brain, along the course of a sensory cranial nerve, on the posterior (sensory) root of a spinal nerve, in one of the organs of special sense, or forming one of the units of the sympathetic nervous system. 2. A lymph-node. 3. A circumscribed cystic swelling connected with a tendon sheath, due to the shutting off of a hernial protrusion of the synovial lining of the sheath. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  7. A small nervous centre; a lymphatic gland. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  8. A tumor in the sheath of a tendon: a natural enlargement in the course of a nerve:-pl. GANGLIA or GANGLIONS. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  9. Natural enlargement in a nerve. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  10. Anat. (1) A collection of nerve-cells. (2) A gland-like organ. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  11. A tumor proceeding from a tendon. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  12. A healthy enlargement occurring somewhere in the course of a nerve; an encysted tumour situated somewhere on a tendon. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  13. In anat., an enlargement in the course of a nerve; a tumour in the sheath of a tendon. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  14. A mass of nervous matter containing nerve cells and giving origin to nerve fibres; a nerve centre. A dictionary of scientific terms. By Henderson, I. F.; Henderson, W. D. Published 1920.
  15. [Greek] A mass of nerve cell bodies and giving origin to nerve fibres; a nerve centre. na
  16. A globular, hard, indolent tumor, situated somewhere on a tendon, and commonly formed by the effusion of a viscid fluid into it; -- called also weeping sinew. mso.anu.edu.au
  17. gang'gli-on, n. a tumour in the sheath of a tendon: an enlargement in the course of a nerve: any special centre of nervous action:--pl. GANG'LIA, GANG'LIONS.--adjs. GANG'LIAC, GANG'LIAL, GANGLION'IC, pertaining to a ganglion; GANG'LIATE, -D, provided with a ganglion or ganglia; GANG'LIFORM, GANG'LIOFORM, having the form of a ganglion; GANG'LIONARY, composed of ganglia.--n. GANG'LION-CELL (anat.), a nerve-cell with nucleus and nucleones.--BASAL GANGLIA, ganglia situated at the bottom of the cerebrum. [Gr.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  18. In anatomy, a name generally given to a knot-like enlargement in the course of a nerve. It is applied, however, to organs differing considerably from each other in size, colour, texture, functions, &c. They are divided into glandiform, lymphatic, and nervous. 1. Glandiform ganglions, called also adenoid, vascular, and sanguineous ganglions; blind, aporic, ductless, blood, and vascular glands; glandulae spuriae, &c., are organs of whose functions we are, in general, ignorant; and which have the appearance of glands. They are formed of agglomerated globules, pervaded by blood-vessels surrounded by areolar membrane, and contain a milky or yellowish fluid. To this class belong the spleen, thymus, thyroid, and supra-renal glands. They are, doubtless, concerned in sanguification. 2. Lymphatic ganglions. See Conglobate. 3. Nervous ganglions, Ganglia seu Gangliones seu Nodi seu Noduli Nervorum, Tumores seu Plexus ganglioformes, Plexus glandiformes. Tubercula nodosa Nervorum, Diverticula spirituum animalium. Ganglia of increase, Formative ganglia. Enlargements or knots in the course of a nerve. They belong, in general, to the system of the great sympathetic. One exists on the posterior root of every spinal nerve, and on one cerebral,-the 5th. Bichat regarded them as so many small brains, or centres of nervous action, independent of the encephalon, and intended exclusively for organic life. Being formed by the union of the cerebral and spinal nerves, they may send out the influence of both these nervous centres to the parts to which the nerves proceeding from them are distributed. Ganglia are chiefly composed of vesicular neurine; and appear to be concerned in the formation and dispensation of nerve power. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  19. Same etymon. Emphyma encystis ganglion. A globular, hard, indolent tumour, without change in the colour of the skin; of a size varying from that of a pea, to that of an egg, and always situate in the course of a tendon. The tumour is formed of a viscid, albuminous fluid, contained in a cyst of greater or less thickness. The cyst is sometimes loose; but in the majority of cases it communicates, by a narrow footstalk, with the sheath of a tendon, or even with the synovial capsule of a neighbouring articulation. The causes are generally unknown. The treatment consists in compression, percussion, the use of discutients, extirpation, or incision. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  20. [Greek] A cystic tumor springing from the sheath of a tendon, especially of one of the extensor tendons of the fingers. na
  21. [Greek] A lymphatic gland (Lymphatic g.). na
  22. (pl. -lia). Enlargement or knot on nerve, from which nerve-fibres radiate; mass of grey matter in central nervous system forming a nerve-nucleus (g.-cell, -corpuscule, -globule, nerve-cell in this); (fig.) centre of force, activity, or interest. Hence gangliated, ganglionated, [-ATE, -ED], gangliform, ganglionic, aa. [Greek] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  23. Any mass of gray nervous substance which serves as a center of nervous influence. American pocket medical dictionary.
  24. A form of cystic tumor on an aponeurosis or a tendon. American pocket medical dictionary.
  25. PI. ganglia. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  26. An indolent, cystlike enlargement of the sheath of a tendon, most commonly observed at the wrist. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  27. A mass of nervous tissue which receives, records, sends out, or originates nervous impulses, or gives rise to psychical activity, or combines all these functions. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  28. [Gr.] (Biol.) A knot or enlargement, sometimes a central mass, of nerve-trunks. Ganglionic system. See Sympathetic. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  29. n. [Latin, Greek] A collection of nerve cells from which nerve fibres are given off in one or more directions;—a globular, hard, indolent tumour, situated on a tendon, generally about the wrist. Cabinet Dictionary
  30. A tumour in the tendinous and nervous parts. Complete Dictionary

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