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Definitions of gout

  1. a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. A drop; a clot or coagulation. Webster Dictionary DB
  3. A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  4. A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. Taste; relish. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  6. Hereditary metabolic disorder characterized by recurrent acute arthritis, hyperuricemia and deposition of sodium urate in and around the joints, sometimes with formation of uric acid calculi. Medical Dictionary DB
  7. A disease, marked by painful swelling and inflammation of the joints, especially of the great toe. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  8. Goutiness. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  9. A disease of metabolism characterized by recurrent attacks of arthritis, particularly in the metatarsophalangeal joint of the great toe, though any joint may be attacked, by deposits of sodium biuret in and around the affected joints, and by inflammation of fibrous structures elsewhere. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  10. Articular inflammation, uricemia, etc. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  11. A disease of the smaller joints, and esp. of the great toe. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  12. A disease affecting the joints. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  13. A disease manifested by painful inflammation of a joint, as of the great toe. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  14. A constitutional disease giving rise to a peculiar inflammation in the smaller joints, and having its regular seat in the largest joint of the great toe, so called as supposed to be caused by a humour deposited in drops; a clot; a drop. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  15. A well-known painful disease of the joints or extremities, confined almost wholly to the higher classes and high livers. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  16. In medical jurisprudence. An inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentousparts of the joints, characterized or caused by an excess of uric acid in the blood; usually,but not invariably, occurring in the joints of the feet, and then specifically called"podagra." thelawdictionary.org
  17. Med. jur. contracts. An inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  18. In cases of insurance on lives, when there is warranty of health, it seems that a man subject to the gout, is a life capable of being, insured, if he has no sickness at the time to make it an unequal contract. 2 Park, Ins. 583. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  19. gowt, n. an acute inflammation of the smaller joints, and esp. of the great toe, in persons of luxurious habits and past middle life: (obs.) a drop.--adv. GOUT'ILY.--ns. GOUT'INESS; GOUT'WORT, GOUT'WEED, an umbelliferous European plant, long supposed to be good for gout.--adj. GOUT'Y, relating to gout: diseased with or subject to gout. [O. Fr. goutte--L. gutta, a drop, the disease supposed to be caused by a defluxion of humours.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  20. g[=oo], n. taste: relish. [Fr.,--L. gustus, taste.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  21. The gout was formerly regarded as a catarrh, and received its name from (F.) goutte, (L.) gutta, 'a drop'; because it was believed to be produced by a liquid, which distilled, goutte a goutte, 'drop by drop', on the diseased part. This name, which seems to have been first used about the year 1270, has been admitted into the different languages of Europe. Gout is an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints. It almost always attacks, first, the great toe; whence it passes to the other smaller joints, after having produced, or been attended with, various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs: after this, it may attack the greater articulations. It is an affection which is extremely fugitive, and variable in its recurrence. It may be acquired or hereditary. In the former case, it rarely appears before the age of thirty-five; in the latter, it is frequently observed earlier. It is often difficult to distinguish it from rheumatism. A combination is, indeed, supposed to exist sometimes; hence called Rheumatic gout. During the paroxysm or fit, a burning, lancinating pain is experienced in the affected joint, attended with tumefaction, tension, and redness. One or more joints may be attacked, either at the same time or in succession; and, in either case, the attack terminates by resolution in a few days. This is the Arthritis acuta seu inftammatoria seu regularis, Regular gout, Arthrosia podagra regularis, Arthragra legitima seu vera seu genuina seu normalis, (F.) Goutte reguliere chaude. At other times, pains in the joints exist, of more or less acute character; the swelling being without redness. These pains persist, augment, and diminish irregularly, without exhibiting intermission, and, consequently, without having distinct paroxysms. The disease is then called atonic, asthenic, imperfect or irregular gout, Chronic G., Arthritis atonica seu asthenica, Arthrosia Podagra larvata, Dysarthritis. It is, also, commonly called in France Goutte froide, Goutte blauche. It may appear primarily, or succeed attacks of regular gout. Gout does not always confine itself to the joints. It may attack the internal organs: when it is called Arthritis aberrans seu erratica seu planetica, Arthragra anomala, Podagra aberrans, Vareni, Wandering, misplaced, or anomalous gout, (F.) Goutte vague. Retrograde gout, Arthritis retrograda, Podagra retrograda, Arthrosia Podagra complicata, Recedent or misplaced gout, (F.) Goutte remontee, G. malplacee, G. rentree, is when it leaves the joints suddenly and attacks some internal organ, as the stomach, intestines, lungs, brain, &c. Gout is also called, according to the part it may affect, Podagra, Gonugra, Chiragra, &c. It may be acute or chronic, and may give rise to concretions, which are chiefly composed of urate of soda. See Calculus, (arthritic.) It may, also, give occasion to nodosities, when it is called Arthritis nodosa, (F.) Goutte nouee. The treatment is of the antiphlogistic kind, and the local disorder should be but little interfered with. Colchicum seems to have great power over the disease. It forms the basis of the Eau medicinale d'Husson, a celebrated French gout-remedy. The bowels must be kept regular by rhubarb and magnesia; and a recurrence of the disease be prevented by abstemious habits. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  22. [Latin] A disease characterized by recurrent deforming inflammation of the joints, with the deposition of sodium urate in and about the joints and in other parts of the body, and by more or less severe constitutional symptoms. Acute g. usually occurs as a sudden, generally nocturnal, attack of severe pain and inflammatory swelling in the first joint of the great toe (podagra), with febrile symptoms. The attack lasts a week or two, and disappears to recur at gradually shortening intervals until it becomes chronic. Other joints (but particularly the smaller ones of the extremities) are afterward involved, and become deformed, rigid, or ulcerated from the inflammatory changes and and the deposition of masses and crystals of sodium urate (chalk-stones, tophi). G. is ascribed to a peculiar constitutional condition (Gouty diathesis or habit), which is often inherited and which is by many attributed to excess of uric acid in the blood (lithaemia). G. is BROUGHT ON by excess in food (particularly nitrogenous food) and rich saccharine wines, and is often associated with dyspeptic troubles. It or the state which produces it CAUSES cirrhosis of the liver and kidneys, cystitis, eczema, and the most various affections of the nervous system. TREATMENT in the intervals of attacks: abstention from excessive nitrogenous food, rich wines, and malt liquors; open-air exercise; tonics; baths; avoidance of cold. Treatment during attacks: colchicum; purgatives (especially colocynth); diuretics, including the alkalies (especially the salts of lithium); potassium iodide and guaiac in the chronic stage; and for the inflamed joints, rest, blistering, and swathing in cotton. na
  23. Paroxysmal disease with inflammation of smaller joints, esp. that of great toe, & chalk-stones; wheat-disease caused by g.-fly; drop, splash, of liquid, esp. blood; spot of colour. Hence gouty a., goutily adv., goutiness n. [old French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  24. Painful constitutional disease with joint inflammation and chalky deposits. American pocket medical dictionary.
  25. An acute or chronic diathetic disease manifested by the excessive formation of uric acid. Clinically, there are repeated attacks of acute arthritis most frequently localized in the joints of the toes. After a number of attacks, urate of sodium is deposited about the affected joints forming the so-called "tophi." Appleton's medical dictionary.
  26. [Fr.] Taste, relish. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  27. n. [French, Latin] A painful constitutional disease; inflammation of the joints, particularly of the great toe—in its last stages it attacks the stomach. Cabinet Dictionary
  28. n. [French, Latin] Taste; relish. Cabinet Dictionary
  29. A periodical disease attended with great pain. Complete Dictionary
  30. A taste. Complete Dictionary

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