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Definitions of ion

  1. a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. One of the elements which appear at the respective poles when a body is subjected to electro-chemical decomposition. Cf. Anion, Cation. Webster Dictionary DB
  3. One of the small electrified particles into which the molecules of a gas are broken up under the action of the electric current, of ultraviolet and certain other rays, and of high temperatures. To the properties and behavior of ions the phenomena of the electric discharge through rarefied gases and many other important effects are ascribed. At low pressures the negative ions appear to be electrons; the positive ions, atoms minus an electron. At ordinary pressures each ion seems to include also a number of attached molecules. Ions may be formed in a gas in various ways. Webster Dictionary DB
  4. One of the electrified particles into which a gas, or a substance in solution, is broken up under the action of electricity. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  5. A group of atoms or parts of molecules carrying a charge of electricity and constituting one of the elements of an electrolyte. The ions charged with negative electricity which are evolved at the positive pole (anode) are called anions; those charged with positive electricity, at the negative pole (cathode), cations. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  6. One of the elements which appear at the poles, when a body is subjected to electro-chemical decomposition. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  7. Any one of the elements which are evolved out of a particular substance by the voltaic current, and which appear at the poles of the battery. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  8. [=i]'on, n. one of the components into which an electrolyte is broken up on electrolysis--the Anion, the electro-negative component, chemically attacking the anode, and the Cation, the electro-positive component, the cathode. [Gr. i[=o]n, pr.p. of ienai, to go.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  9. [Greek] Either one of the elements or radicles into which a substance is decomposed by electrolysis. See Anion and Cation. na
  10. Either of the elements that pass to the poles in electrolysis (anion, cation). [Greek] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  11. An element set free by electrolysis. American pocket medical dictionary.
  12. A constituent of any salt, acid, or base formed when dissolved in water which is charged with electricity. When the charge is negative, the ion is an anion; when it is positive, the ion is a cation. When sodium chlorid dissolves in water it dissociates into its positive ion (cation) Na and its negative ion (anion) CI. Appleton's medical dictionary.

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