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Definitions of iron

  1. a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. implement used to brand live stock Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. extremely robust; "an iron constitution" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. metal shackles; for hands or legs Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. press and smooth with a heated iron; "press your shirts" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. The most common and most useful metallic element, being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form of an oxide (as hematite, magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous oxide (as limonite, turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron, steel, and wrought iron. Iron usually appears dark brown, from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or on a fresh surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily oxidized (rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many corrosive agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic weight 55.9. Specific gravity, pure iron, 7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In magnetic properties, it is superior to all other substances. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with a rod of iron. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar, dust. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. Like iron in hardness, strength, impenetrability, power of endurance, insensibility, etc.; Webster Dictionary DB
  14. Rude; hard; harsh; severe. Webster Dictionary DB
  15. Firm; robust; enduring; as, an iron constitution. Webster Dictionary DB
  16. Inflexible; unrelenting; as, an iron will. Webster Dictionary DB
  17. Not to be broken; holding or binding fast; tenacious. Webster Dictionary DB
  18. To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff. Webster Dictionary DB
  19. To furnish or arm with iron; as, to iron a wagon. Webster Dictionary DB
  20. An iron-headed club with a deep face, chiefly used in making approaches, lifting a ball over hazards, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  21. An instrument or utensil made of iron; - chiefly in composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  22. To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; - sometimes used with out. Webster Dictionary DB
  23. A metallic element found in certain minerals, in nearly all soils, and in mineral waters. It has the atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of hemoglobin, cytochrome, and other components of respiratory enzyme systems. Its chief functions are in the transport of oxygen to tissue (hemoglobin) and in cellular oxidation mechanisms. Depletion of iron stores may result in iron-deficiency anemia. Iron is used to build up the blood in anemia. (From Dorland, 27th ed) Medical Dictionary DB
  24. A metallic element; the most common and useful of the metals; an instrument made of iron, especially one to smooth clothes by heat; anything especially hard; in golf, a club made of iron. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  25. Pertaining to, resembling, or made of, iron. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  26. To smooth with an iron; furnish with iron; chain. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  27. Ferrum, a metallic element, symbol Fe, atomic weight, 55.85. It occurs in the chlorophyl of plants and in the hemoglobin of the red blood-corpuscles of animals, is stored in the tissues in the form of ferratin, a loose organic compound, and is excreted in the bile. A great many iron salts are employed in medicine, chiefly in the treatment of anemia and conditions associated with it; see ferrum. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  28. Metal from which tonic preparations are made, as Blaud's Pills, etc. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  29. To fetter. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  30. The most common and useful of the metals: an instrument or utensil made of iron: strength:-pl. fetters: chains. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  31. Formed of iron: resembling iron: rude: stern: fast-binding: not to be broken: robust: dull of understanding. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  32. To smooth with an iron instrument: to arm with iron: to fetter. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  33. Made of iron; hard like iron. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  34. The most common and useful of the metals; an instrument made of iron; fetter. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  35. To smooth with an iron; fetter with irons. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  36. To smooth with an iron. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  37. To fit with iron. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  38. Made of or like iron; hard; rude; unyielding; heavy. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  39. A hard, tough, malleable metal. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  40. Something made of iron, as a tool or implement; in the plural, fetters. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  41. Made or consisting of iron; resembling iron; harsh; rude; severe; binding fast; not to be broken; hard of understanding; dull; firm; rebust. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  42. Chains. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  43. The most common and useful of all the metals; an instrument or utensil of iron. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  44. To smooth with an instrument of iron; to shackle with irons; to furnish or arm with iron. Iron age, the last of the four ages, being that of enforced toil; the last of the three prehistoric ages. Iron-works, the works or establishment where pig-iron is wrought into bars, &c. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  45. A well-known metal, and, economically speaking, the most important; an instr. made of it. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  46. Chains; fetters; shackles; tools for heating at a fire; the poker, tongs, and shovel for a grate, as fire-irons. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  47. Formed of iron; resembling iron in hardness, strength, &c.; harsh; stern; severe; fast-binding; impenetrable; strong; robust, as an iron constitution. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  48. To smooth with a heated instr. made of iron to chain; to fetter. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  49. is mentioned with brass as the earliest of known metals. ( Genesis 4:22 ) The natural wealth in iron of the soil of Canaan is indicated by describing it as a land whose stones are iron." ( 8:9 ) (Recent explorations have shown that iron ore is abundant in the northern part of Palestine. --ED.) The book of Job contains passages which indicate that iron was a metal well known. Sheet-iron was used for cooking utensils. ( Ezekiel 4:3 ) cf. Levi 7:9 That it was plentiful in the time of David appears from ( 1 Chronicles 22:3 ) The market of Tyre was supplied with bright or polished iron by the merchants of by Dan and Javan. ( Ezekiel 27:19 ) The Chalybes of the Pontus were celebrated as workers in iron in very ancient times. The product of their labor is supposed to be alluded to in ( Jeremiah 16:12 ) as being of superior quality. Specimens of Assyrian iron-work overlaid with bronze were discovered by Mr. Layard, and are now in the British Museum. Iron weapons of various kinds were found at Nimroud, but fell to pieces on exposure to the air. biblestudytools.com
  50. An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc. mso.anu.edu.au
  51. To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; -- sometimes used with out. mso.anu.edu.au
  52. Tubal-Cain is the first-mentioned worker in iron ( Genesis 4:22 ). The Egyptians wrought it at Sinai before the Exodus. David prepared it in great abundance for the temple ( 1 Chronicles 22:3 : 29:7 ). The merchants of Dan and Javan brought it to the market of Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:19 ). Various instruments are mentioned as made of iron ( Deuteronomy 27:5 ; 19:5 ; Joshua 17:16 Joshua 17:18 ; 1 Samuel 17:7 ; 2 Sam. 12:31 ; 2 Kings 1 Samuel 6:5 1 Samuel 6:6 ; 1 Chronicles 22:3 ; Isaiah 10:34 ). Figuratively, a yoke of iron ( Deuteronomy 28:48 ) denotes hard service; a rod of iron ( Psalms 2:9 ), a stern government; a pillar of iron ( Jeremiah 1:18 ), a strong support; a furnace of iron ( Deuteronomy 4:20 ), severe labour; a bar of iron ( Job 40:18 ), strength; fetters of iron ( Psalms 107:10 ), affliction; giving silver for iron ( Isaiah 60:17 ), prosperity. biblestudytools.com
  53. (pious ), one of the cities of Naphtali, ( Joshua 19:38 ) hitherto totally unknown. biblestudytools.com
  54. Hardware, especially older and larger hardware of mainframeclass with big metal cabinets housing relatively low-densityelectronics (but the term is also used of modernsupercomputers). Often in the phrase big iron. Opposesilicon.See also dinosaur. foldoc_fs
  55. [=i]'urn, n. the most common and useful of the metals: an instrument or utensil made of iron, as a hand-harpoon, &c.: a golf-club with an iron head, more set back than the cleek: strength: (pl.) fetters: chains.--adj. formed of iron: resembling iron: rude: stern: fast-binding: not to be broken: robust: dull of understanding.--v.t. to smooth with a smoothing-iron: to arm with iron: to fetter.--adjs. I'RON-BOUND, bound with iron: rugged, as a coast; I'RON-CASED; I'RONCLAD, clad in iron: covered or protected with iron.--n. a vessel defended by iron plates.--ns. I'RON-CLAY, a yellowish clay containing a large quantity of iron ore; I'RONER, one who irons; I'RON-FLINT, ferruginous quartz; I'RON-FOUND'ER, one who founds or makes castings in iron; I'RON-FOUND'RY, a place where iron is founded or cast.--adj. I'RON-GRAY, of a gray colour, like that of iron freshly cut or broken.--n. this colour.--adjs. I'RON-HAND'ED, having hands hard as iron; I'RON-HEART'ED, having a heart hard as iron: cruel.--ns. I'RON-HEAT'ER, the piece of metal heated in the fire for a laundress's box-iron; I'RONING, the act of smoothing with hot irons; I'RONING-BOARD, a smooth board covered with cloth, on which clothes are laid for ironing; I'RONING-MACHINE', a machine for hotpressing cloth, hats, &c.; I'RON-LIQ'UOR, iron acetate, a dyers' mordant; I'RONMASTER, a master or proprietor of ironworks; I'RONMONGER, a dealer in articles made of iron; I'RONMONGERY, a general name for articles made of iron: hardware; I'RON-MOULD, the spot left on wet cloth after touching rusty iron; I'RON-SAND, sand containing particles of iron ore: steel filings used in fireworks.--adj. I'RON-SICK (naut.), having the iron bolts and spikes much corroded.--n. I'RONSIDE, a man of iron resolution: (pl.) a name given to Cromwell's irresistible horse.--adj. I'RON-SID'ED, having a side of, or as hard as, iron: rough: hardy.--ns. I'RONSMITH, a worker in iron; I'RON-STONE, a term usually applied to any ore yielding iron; I'RONWARE, wares or goods of iron.--adj. I'RON-WIT'TED (Shak.), unfeeling, insensible.--n. I'RONWOOD, applied to the timber of various trees on account of their hardness.--adj. I'RON-WORD'ED (Tenn.), in words as strong as iron.--n. I'RONWORK, the parts of a building, &c., made of iron: anything of iron: a furnace where iron is smelted, or a foundry, &c., where it is made into heavy work.--adj. I'RONY, made, consisting, or partaking of iron: like iron: hard.--ns. CAST'-[=I]'RON, a compound of iron and carbon, obtained directly from iron ore by smelting; ITAL'IAN-[=I]'RON, an instrument for fluting linen or lace.--IRON AGE, an archæological term indicating the condition as to civilisation and culture of a people using iron as the material for their cutting tools and weapons: a period of cruel tyranny; IRON BARK TREE, a name given in Australia to certain species of Eucalyptus (q.v.); IRON CROWN, the ancient crown of Lombardy, so named from a thin band of iron said to be made from one of the nails of the Cross; IRON ENTERED INTO HIS SOUL, the bitterest pang of grief has touched his heart.--BESSEMER IRON, pig-iron suitable for making Bessemer steel.--HAVE TOO MANY IRONS IN THE FIRE, to be trying to do too many things at once; IN IRONS, having fetters on; RULE WITH A ROD OF IRON, to rule with stern severity. [A.S. iren; Ger. eisen.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  56. Ferrum- i. Acetate of, Ferri acetas- i. and Alumina, sulphate of, Ferri et aluminis sulphas- i. Ammoniated, Ferrum ammoniatum- i. Ammonio-citrate of, Ferri ammonio-citras- i. Ammonio-chloride of, Ferrum ammoniatum- i. Ammonio-tartrate of, Ferri ammonio-tartras- i. and Ammonia, citrate of, Ferri ammonio-citras- i. and Quinia, Hydriodate of, see Iodine. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  57. Metal largely used for tools &c. (wrought i., cast i., STEEL), often fig. as type of hardness, as- a man of i., rod of i.; preparation of i. as tonic; tool made of i., as curling, grappling, -i.; branding tool; golf-club with i. head laid back to loft the ball; i. tool for smoothing out linen &c.; (usu. pl.) fetters; the i. entered into his soul (Ps. civ. 18, L mistranslation of Heb. \'his person entered into the iron\', i.e. fetters); (Provv.) strike while the i. is hot (at a good opportunity), have (too) many ii. in the fire (many undertakings, also, many expedients); (a.) of i., very robust, firm, unyielding, merciless; i. age, age of cruelty, oppression, &c. (cf. BRAZEN); i.-bark, species of eucalyptus with solid bark; i.-bound, bound with i., (of coast) rock-bound, (fig.) rigorous, hard& fast; ironclad, clad in, protected with, i., (n.) ship cased with plates of i.; i.-grey a. & n., (of) the colour of freshly broken i.; i. horse, locomotive steam-engine, also, bicycle or tricycle; ironmaster, manufacturer of i.; i.-mould, spot caused by i.-rust or ink-stain, (v.t. & i.) stain, be stained, with this; Ironsides, man of great bravery, esp. (pl.) Cromwell\'s troopers; i.-stone, name of various hard i.-ores; ironwork, work in i., things made of i.; ironworks (sing. or pl.), place where i. is smelted or i. goods are made. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  58. Furnish, cover, with iron; shackle with irons; smooth (linen &c.) with flat-iron &c. Concise Oxford Dictionary
  59. A metallic element, symbol Fe; much used in medicine. American pocket medical dictionary.
  60. The first iron manufactured in the United States was forged at the bloomery of the Virginia Company, on the James River, in 1622. This foundry was burned by the Indians. The Massachusetts Bay colonists erected a foundry at Lynn in 1631. John Winthrop, Jr., built a blast furnace at Hammersmith in 1644, and works at Braintree two years later. In 1702 a successful furnace was established at Plymouth, pig-iron being obtaiued chiefly from Pennsylvania. In 1732 there were four furnaces in successful operation in Virginia between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers. The iron manufactured there was exported to England, but the Massachusetts trade in iron was almost wholly domestic. The Ancram Works, built in New York in 1740, to use Salisbury ore, made, between 1750 and 1756, 3318 tons of pig-iron and 1302 tons of bar iron. It was here that the great chain, weighing 186 tons, which was stretched across the Hudson in 1778, was forged in six weeks. The first iron works of Pennsylvania were established on the Schuylkill in 1717. The Revolution gave a great impetus to the iron trade. Rolling mills for the manufacture of steel rails were first used in 1840 at the Mount Savage Works and at the Great Western Works. Since then the manufacture of iron and particularly of steel has made wonderful progress. The Bessemer steel made in this country is considered most excellent. The Carnegie system, consisting of the enormous works at Homestead, Pa., and a number of minor plants, the Bethlehem Steel and Iron Company, of Bethlehem, Pa., have been unusually successful in the manufacture of steel rails and platings, the latter plant having received the contracts for the steel plates of many of the United States war-ships. Many flourishing iron and steel works are now in operation in most of the Northern and Middle States, notably Pennsylvania, and in some Southern States. The annual output is enormous. In 1890 the United States produced 18,000,000 tons of iron ore, 9,202,703 tons of pig-iron and 4,277,071 tons of steel. Dictionary of United States history
  61. n. [Anglo-Saxon, Gothic, Icelandic, Welsh] One of the metallic elements, it is hard, and very malleable when hot, and oxidizes under moisture. It is very widely diffused, and the most useful of all the metals ;—an instrument or utensil made of iron; -pl. Fetters; chains; manacles; hand-cuffs. Cabinet Dictionary
  62. A hard, fusil, malleable metal; any instrument or utensil made of iron; a chain, a shackle Complete Dictionary
  63. Made of iron; resembling iron in colour; harsh, severe; hard, impenetrable. Complete Dictionary

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