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Definitions of liver

  1. a person who has a special life style; "a high liver" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes Wordnet Dictionary DB
  3. liver of an animal used as meat Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. someone who lives in a place; "a liver in cities" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. One who, or that which, lives. Webster Dictionary DB
  6. A resident; a dweller; as, a liver in Brooklyn. Webster Dictionary DB
  7. One whose course of life has some marked characteristic (expressed by an adjective); as, a free liver. Webster Dictionary DB
  8. A very large glandular and vascular organ in the visceral cavity of all vertebrates. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. The glossy ibis (Ibis falcinellus); - said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. One who exists, dwells, etc.; an organ of the body which luses bile and causes important changes ood substances in the blood. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  11. Hepar, jecur; the largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and upper part of the epigastrium; it is of irregular shape and weighs from 3 to 3 1/2 pounds, or about 1/40 the weight of the body. It secretes the bile and is also of great importance in both carbohydrate and proteid metabolism. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  12. Largest glandular organ of the body, its work being the secretion of bile. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  13. The largest gland in the body, which secretes the bile. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  14. One who lives; gland which secretes the bile. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  15. One who lives; a dweller. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  16. An internal organ which secretes bile, and effects changes in the blood. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  17. An organ in the animal system, of a glandular structure, whose office is to secrete the bile. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  18. One who lives. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  19. The organ of the body of a deep-red colour lying under the ribs which secretes bile. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  20. A bilesecreting gland of vertebrates. A dictionary of scientific terms. By Henderson, I. F.; Henderson, W. D. Published 1920.
  21. [Anglo-Saxon] The bile-secreting gland of vertebrates; digestive gland of some invertebrates. na
  22. The glossy ibis Ibis falcinellus; -- said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool. mso.anu.edu.au
  23. (Heb. kabhed, "heavy;" hence the liver, as being the heaviest of the viscera, Exodus 29:13 Exodus 29:22 ; Leviticus 3:4 Leviticus 3:1 Leviticus 3:10 Leviticus 3:15 ) was burnt upon the altar, and not used as sacrificial food. In Ezekiel 21:21 there is allusion, in the statement that the king of Babylon "looked upon the liver," to one of the most ancient of all modes of divination. The first recorded instance of divination (q.v.) is that of the teraphim of Laban. By the teraphim the LXX. and Josephus understood "the liver of goats." By the "caul above the liver," in Leviticus 4:9 ; 7:4 , etc., some understand the great lobe of the liver itself. biblestudytools.com
  24. The glossy ibis (Ibis falcinellus); said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool. dictgcide_fs
  25. liv'[.e]r, n. the largest gland in the body, which secretes the bile.--adjs. LIV'ER-COL'OUR, of the colour of the liver: dark-red; LIV'ERED, in compounds, as white-livered, lily-livered=cowardly.--n. LIVER-FLUKE, a trematoid worm (Distoma hepatica).--adj. LIV'ER-GROWN, having a swelled liver.--n. LIVERWORT, any plant of the cryptogamic family Hepaticæ, allied to mosses.--adj. LIV'ERY, resembling the liver. [A.S. lifer; Ger. leber, Ice. lifr.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  26. The liver is the largest gland in the body. It is an azygous organ; unsymmetrical; very heavy; and of a brownish-red colour; occupying the whole of the right hypochondrium, and a part of the epigastrium. Above, it corresponds to the diaphragm; below, to the stomach, transverse colon, and right kidney; behind, to the vertebral column, aorta, and vena cava; and before, to the base of the chest. Its upper surface is convex; the lower, irregularly convex and concave, so that anatomists have divided the organ into three lobes,-a large or right or colic lobe; - a lesser lobe, lobule, or inferior lobe, the Lobulus Spigelii,-and a middle or left lobe. At its inferior surface, are observed: - l. A Sulcus or Furrow or Fissure, called horizontal or longitudinal or great fissure, Fossa Umbilicalis, (F.) Sillon horizontal, longitudinal ou de la veine ombilicale, Sulcus antero-posterior Jecoris seu horizontalis Jecoris seu longitudinalis Jecoris seu sinister Jecoris seu Umbilicalis, which lodges, in the foetus, the umbilical vein and ductus venosus. 2. The Principal Fissure, termed Sulcus Transpersus, Fossa transversa, Transverse fossa, Sinua Portarum, Porta, P. seu Manus Jecoris seu Hepatis Fossa or Fissure of the Vena porta, Portal Fissure or Fossa, (F.) Sillon transversal ou de la veine porte, which receives the sinus of the vena porta. 3. The Fissure of the Vena Cava inferior, Sillon de la veine cave inferieure, situate at the posterior margin of the organ, and lodging the vena cava inferior. 4. The Lobulus Spigelii, or posterior portal eminence. 5. The anterior portal eminence, Auriga seu Lobulus anonymus, 6. Depressions corresponding to the upper surface of the stomach, gall-bladder, arch of the colon, right kidney, etc. Continued from the fossa umbilicalis is a small fossa, called Fossa Ductus Venosi, between the left lobe and Lobulus Spigelii. The posterior margin of the liver is very thick; much more so than the anterior. The liver is surrounded by a serous or peritoneal covering, which forms for it a suspensory or broad ligament and two lateral and triangular ligaments. See Falx. The blood-vessels of the liver are very numerous. The hepatic artery and vena porta furnish it with the blood necessary for its nutrition and the secretion of bile. The hepatic veins convey away the blood, which has served those purposes. The lymphatic vessels are very numerous; some being superficial; others deep-seated. The nerves are, also, numerous, and proceed from the pneumogastric, diaphragmatic, and from the hepatic plexuses. The intimate structure of the parenchyma of the liver has been well studied. When cut, it presents a porous appearance, owing to the division of a multitude of small vessels. When torn, it seems formed of granulations;- the intimate structure of which has given rise to many hypotheses. In these granulations are contained the radicles of the excretory ducts of the bile; the union of which constitutes the hepatic duct. According to Mr. Kiernan, the intimate structure consists of a number of lobules- hepatic lobules, hepatic islets- composed of intralobular or hepatic veins, which convey the blood back that has been inservient to the secretion of bile. The interlobular plexus of veins is formed by branches of the vena porta, which contain both the blood of the vena porta and of the hepatic artery; both of which, according to Mr. Kiernan, furnish the pabulum of the biliary secretion. The biliary ducts form likewise an interlobular plexus, having an arrangement similar to that of the interlobular veins. Mr. Kiernan's views are embraced by many anatomists; but are denied by some. The liver is the only organ, which, independently of the red blood carried to it by the hepatic artery, receives black blood by the vena porta. The general opinion is, that the vena porta is the fluid which furnishes bile, whilst that of the artery affords blood for the nutrition of the liver. It is probable, however, that bile is secreted from the blood of the latter vessel. Besides bile the liver forms sugar, and is a great assimilating organ. The liver is liable to a number of diseases. The principal are- Hepatitis or inflammation, cancer, biliary calculi, encysted and other tumours or tubercles, hydatids, etc.; and it has, at times, been the fashion to refer to it as the cause of symptoms with which it is no wise connected. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  27. [Latin] An organ in the abdomen beneath the right half of the diaphragm, occupying the right hypochondriac and stretching into the epigastric and left hypochondriac regions. It is held in place by 5 ligaments, the Longitudinal (broad, falciform, or suspensory), Right and Left lateral, and Coronary, composed of peritoneum, and the Round ligament (ligamentum teres), a fibrous cord attaching it to the umbilicus. It has 5 lobes, the Right and Left lobe, Lobus quadratu, Lobus Spigelii, and Lobus caudatus, separated by 5 fissures, the Transverse (or portal), the Longitudinal, and the Fissures for the gall-bladder, vena canva, and ductus venosus. The l. consists of a stroma of connective tissue continued from Glisson’s capsule and forming septa enclosing the parenchyma or lobules. Each lobule contains a meshwork of capillaries enclosing radially disposed rows of cells (Hepatic cells), and converging to form a central intralobular vein which empties into a sublobular vein at the base of the lobule. The capillaries start from the interlobular veins which surround the lobules and which originate from branches of the portal vein. The sublobular veins run into the hepatic vein, which finally joins the inferior vena cava. The interlobular septa formed by the stroma contain the sublobular and interlobular vessel and the radicles of the bile-ducts, which terminate at the surface of the hepatic lobules, and communicate with minute interspaces (Bile-capillaries) between the hepatic cells. The interlobular bile-ducts unite to form the hepatic duct. The l. secretes bile, which is discharged into the duodenum either directly or after being stored up in the gall-bladder; and from the maltose received in the portal blood during the digestion of carbohydrates it manufactures glycogen, which is stored up in the liver-cells and is converted as fast as required into glucose, which passes into the hepatic vein. The l. also probably converts leucine, glycocine, and other nitrogenous substances which accumulate in the alimentary canal into urea. Hobnail l., Gin-drinker’s l., see Cirrhosis. Nutmeg l., a l. which, from long continued passive congestion (especially in cardiac disease), looks, when cut, like a nutmeg, i. e., shows light-colored circles or festoons interwoven with dark parches. na
  28. Large glandular organ in vertebrates secreting bile& purifying venous blood; (also l.-complaint) diseased state of l., whence liverish a.; (also l.-colour) dark reddish brown; flesh of some animals\' l. used as food; (archaic) l. as seat of emotion (hot l., passionate or amorous temperament; white or lily l., cowardice, whence -livered a.); l.-line, one of lines of palm significant in palmistry; l.-wing, right wing of cooked fowl, under which l. is tucked, (joc.) right arm; liverwort, kinds of plant with l.-shaped parts or used in l. disease. Hence liverless a. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  29. One who lives in specified way (clean, loose, l.; good l., virtuous person, also one given to good living). Concise Oxford Dictionary
  30. A glandular viscus which secretes bile. American pocket medical dictionary.
  31. A glandular organ, the largest in the body, situated in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, immediately beneath and in contact with the diaphragm, having for its chief function the secretion of the bile and the storage of glycogen. It is the clearing house of carbohydrate metabolism in the body. Liver tissue contains proteins, fats, lecithin, cholesterin, jecorin, purin bases, glycogen, urea, and other substances in small quantities, also a number of inorganic salts. Appleton's medical dictionary.
  32. n. One who lives;— a resident; a dweller, Cabinet Dictionary
  33. n. [Anglo-Saxon] The largest gland of the body situated immediately beneath the diaphragm. It secretes the bile. Cabinet Dictionary

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