Definitions of muscle

  1. muscular strength Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  2. make one's way by force; "He muscled his way into the office" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. one of the contractile organs of the body Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way); "the senators used their muscle to get the party leader to resign" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  6. a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard; "the druglord had his muscleman to protect him" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  7. An organ which, by its contraction, produces motion. Webster Dictionary DB
  8. The contractile tissue of which muscles are largely made up. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. Muscular strength or development; as, to show one's muscle by lifting a heavy weight. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. See Mussel. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals. Medical Dictionary DB
  12. An organ of fiberlike tissue which is capable of being contracted and expanded, thus producing movement in an animal body; colloquially, the strength of such organs. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  13. One of the contractile organs of the body by which the movements of the various organs and parts are effected. The typical muscle is a mass of fleshy tissue (venter or belly), attached at each extremity, by means of a tendon, to a bone or other structure; the narrowing part of the belly which is attached to the tendon of origin or insertion is called the caput or head; the points of attachment of a muscle are called its origin and insertion, the attachment to the more movable part of the skeleton or to the part which is moved by contraction of the muscle being the insertion, the other the origin. The individual muscles are defined under musculus. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  14. Fibrous bundles of flesh by which movements of the body are accomplished. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  15. The fleshy parts of an animal body by which it moves. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  16. Contractile fleshy tissue of animals. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  17. Contractile tissue, by which bodily movement is effected. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  18. Same as MUSSEL. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  19. A deep red, vascular, and highly contractile organ, consisting of fibres, or bundles of fibres, inclosed in a thin cellular membrane, by which the movements in the animal body are effected; a mussel. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  20. One of the organs of motion in the body-the muscles form the red fleshy portions of land animals; a shell-fish. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  21. A mass of contractile fibres with motorial function; the fleshy part of the body, composed of muscular tissue. A dictionary of scientific terms. By Henderson, I. F.; Henderson, W. D. Published 1920.
  22. [Latin] A mass of contractile fibres with motorial function; the fleshy part of the body, composed of muscular tissue (phys.). na
  23. An essential part of something; as, budget cuts have gone beyond the fat and are cutting into the muscle of the government. dictgcide_fs
  24. Bodyguards or other persons hired to provide protection or commit violence; as, he doesn't go out without his muscle along. dictgcide_fs
  25. To compel by threat of force; as, they muscled the shopkeeper into paying protection money. dictgcide_fs
  26. To moved by human force; as, to muscle the piano onto the truck. dictgcide_fs
  27. mus'l, n. an animal tissue consisting of bundles of fibres through whose contractility bodily movement is effected, the fibres of the voluntary muscles being striped, those of the involuntary (of intestinal canal, blood-vessels, and of skin) unstriped.--adj. MUS'CLED, supplied with muscles.--ns. MUS'CLE-READ'ING, the interpretation of slight involuntary muscular movements; MUS'CLING, the delineation of muscles, as in a picture; MUSCUL[=A]'TION, the arrangement of muscles of a body; MUSCULOS'ITY.--adj. MUS'CULOUS, pertaining to muscle: full of muscles, strong. [Fr.,--L. musculus, dim. of mus, a mouse, a muscle.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  28. According to Diemerbroeck, Douglass, Chaussier, &c., This etymon is the more probable. Muscles have been divided into those of Animal life or of the life of relation- voluntary muscles- which execute movements under the influence of the will; as the muscles of the limbs, head, trunk, &c., and into those of organice life- involuntary muscles- which contract under the influence of certain special stimuli; as the heart, fleshy fibres of the stomach, &c. Mixed muscles are those which belong partly to each of these division; - as the muscles of respiration; the sphincters, &c. Muscles that act in opposition to each other are called antagonists; thusk every extensor has a flexor for an antagonist, and conversely. Muscles that concur in the same action are termed congenerous. The muscles present numerous varieties in form, size, situation, use, &c., and have been divided, by some, into long, broad, and short. Each of these divisions comprises simple and compound muscles. Simple or rectilinear muscles have all their fibres in a similar direction, and only one body- as the Sartorius, Pronator quadratus, &c. Compound muscles are those which have only one belly and several tendons, as the flexors of the fingers and toes; or several bellies and several tendons, - as the biceps flexor cubiti, sacro-lumbalis, &c. To the compound muscles belong, also, the radiated muscles. Their fibres set out from a common centre, and are arranged like the radii or a circle; - such are the diaphragm, iliacus, temporal, &c. Pennated or Penniform Muscles. Their fibres are arranged in two rows, which are united at a median line, at greater or less angles; nearly as the feathers are inserted into a quil. The palmaris longus is one of these. Semi-penniform muscles; their fibres are oblique, as in the last case; but they are inserted only o one side of the tendon. Hollow Muscles are, - the heart, intestines, urinary bladder, &c. Much difference has existed in the enumeration of muscles. Some authors reckon them at upwards of 400. Chaussier admits only 368. The greater part of them are in pairs. Very few are oygous. Muscles have been variously named. 1. According to their uses, as diaphram, buccinator, extensors, flexors, adductors, abductors, levators, depressors, &c. 2. According to their position as interspinales, interossei, subclavius, poplitaeus, anconeus, cubitalis, iliacus, temporalis, &c. 3. Accoding to their shape, as trapezius, splenius, lumbricalis, serratus, digastric, deltoid, scalenus, rhomboides, &c. 4. According to their dimensions, as pectoralis major, rectus capitis anticus major, pectoralis minor, glutaeus maximus, medius, and minimus. 5. According to their direction, as obliquus abdominis, transversalis abdominis, rectus femoria, rectus abominis, &c. 6. According to their composition, as semi-membranosus, semi-tendinosus, complexus, &c. 7. According to their attachments, or the different points of the skeleton with which they are connected by means of tendons or aponeuroses; as sterno-cleido-mastoideus, sterno-hyoideus, &c. On this is grounded the nomenclature of M. Dumas, and that of Chaussier. The end of the muscle, which adheres to the most fixed part, is usually called the origin or head, (F.) Tete; and that which adheres to the more moveable part, the insertion or tail, (F.) Queue; the intervening part or body of the muscle being called the venter or belly, Venter mus'culi, Me'dium mus'culi, (F.) Ventre: hence the names gastrocnemii, digastricus, biceps, and triceps; according as they have two bellies, two or three heads, &c. Muscles are formed, - 1. Essentially of the muscular or fleshy fibre, (see Muscular Fibre.) 2. Or Areolar tissue, which unites together the fibres. This areolar tissue is not very visible between the fine and loose fibres; but becomes more so, when they united in more considerable fasciculi. It forms, moreover, to each muscle, an external envelope, which unites it to the neighbouring parts, and admits of its motion. This envelope was formerly called Tu'nica pro'priar musculo'rum. 3. Of Arteries. These proceed from neighbouring trunks, and are, generally, very large. Their size and number are always in proportion to the bulk of the muscle. With the exception of some viscera, as the lungs and the kidneys, there are few organs that receive as much blood as the muscles. 4. Of Veins. They follow the same course in the muscles as the arteries. Bichat asserts that they are generally devoid of valves. 5. Of Lymphatics. Of these we know little, and cannot easily follow them between the fleshy fibres. 6. Of Nerves. These are numerous, and of different sizes. They almost all, proceed from the encephalon; some, however, issue from ganglions, and accompany the arteries. In general, they penetrate the fleshy tissue along with the vessels, with which they are closely united. After they have entered the muscles, they divide and subdivide until they are lost sight of. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  29. Any of the contractile fibrous bands or bundles that produce movement in animal body; not move a m., be perfectly motionless; that part of the animal body which is composed of mm., the chief constituent of flesh. Hence muscleless a. [Latin] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  30. An organ which by contraction produces the movements of an animal organism. [See Table of the Muscles, pp. 278-296.]. American pocket medical dictionary.
  31. n. [Latin] An organ of motion in animal bodies, consisting of fibres inclosed in their cellular membrane, and admitting of contraction and relaxation;- a certain bivalvular shell-fish of the genus Mytilus- also written mussel. Cabinet Dictionary

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