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Definitions of rough

  1. not quite exact or correct; "the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. violently agitated and turbulent; "boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. not carefully or expertly made; "managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound; "a gravelly voice" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. unpleasantly stern; "wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. ready and able to resort to force or violence; "pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. full of hardship or trials; "the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  9. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  10. with rough motion as over a rough surface; "ride rough" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  11. with roughness or violence; "he was pushed roughly aside"; (`rough' is informal as in"they treated him rough") Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  12. not shaped by cutting or trimming; "an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  13. not perfected; "a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  14. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  15. having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "a rough ride"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"; "unsmooth writing" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  16. (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse; "she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  17. of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped Wordnet Dictionary DB
  18. with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly'); "he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  19. Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth. Webster Dictionary DB
  20. Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish. Webster Dictionary DB
  21. Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper. Webster Dictionary DB
  22. Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions. Webster Dictionary DB
  23. Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine. Webster Dictionary DB
  24. Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day. Webster Dictionary DB
  25. Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught. Webster Dictionary DB
  26. Produced offhand. Webster Dictionary DB
  27. Boisterous weather. Webster Dictionary DB
  28. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. Webster Dictionary DB
  29. In a rough manner; rudely; roughly. Webster Dictionary DB
  30. To render rough; to roughen. Webster Dictionary DB
  31. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Webster Dictionary DB
  32. Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; - said of a piece of land, or of a road. Webster Dictionary DB
  33. Not polished; uncut; - said of a gem; as, a rough diamond. Webster Dictionary DB
  34. Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; - said of a sea or other piece of water. Webster Dictionary DB
  35. Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; - said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat. Webster Dictionary DB
  36. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; - said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers. Webster Dictionary DB
  37. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; - with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. Webster Dictionary DB
  38. Having an uneven surface; rugged; not smooth or plain; as, a rough road; rough cloth; unpolished; as, a rough diamond; harsh to the ear; as, a rough sound; uncivil; harsh; as, rough treatment; violent; as, rough sports; stormy; as, rough weather; rocky; said of roads; crude; unfinished; as, a rough sketch. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  39. A low, coarse fellow; a crude or unfinished condition; as, diamonds in the rough. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  40. To produce an uneven surface on; destroy the smoothness of; to shape or make imperfectly. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  41. Roughly. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  42. Roughness. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  43. Not smooth: uneven: uncut: unpolished: unfinished: boisterous: tempestuous: violent: harsh: severe: rude: coarse: disordered in appearance. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  44. To make rough: to break in a horse. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  45. Not smooth; shaggy; uncut; unfinished; violent; harsh; coarse; rude; severe. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  46. To roughen. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  47. To make or shape roughly. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  48. Uneven; not smooth; rude; violent; harsh; crude; hasty. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  49. A crude or rough condition or estimate. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  50. A rude, violent fellow; a ruffian. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  51. Not smooth or plane; abounding with stones or stumps; not polished; stormy; harsh to the taste or the ear; grating; unharmonious; rugged of temper; coarse in manners; violent; hard-featured; rugged; shaggy. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  52. Unwrought state; the gross; a rowdy. To rough it, to submit to hardships. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  53. To roughen; to break in; to do roughly. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  54. Not smooth or plain; rugged; not wrought or polished; violently agitated, as the sea; harsh to the taste or ear; grating; rugged of temper; coarse in manners; crude; imperfect; hard-featured; hairy or shaggy. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  55. To put up with things in a rough way, followed by it. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  56. State of being coarse or unfinished, as articles in the rough. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  57. Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road. mso.anu.edu.au
  58. Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond. mso.anu.edu.au
  59. Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water. mso.anu.edu.au
  60. Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat. mso.anu.edu.au
  61. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers. mso.anu.edu.au
  62. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; -- with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. mso.anu.edu.au
  63. Not polished; uncut; said of a gem; as, a rough diamond. dictgcide_fs
  64. Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat. dictgcide_fs
  65. Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers. dictgcide_fs
  66. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. dictgcide_fs
  67. ruf, adj. not smooth: uneven: uncut: unpolished: unfinished: boisterous: tempestuous: violent: harsh: severe: rude: coarse: disordered in appearance: hasty, as a rough guess: stale: astringent: in Greek grammar, marking the stronger aspiration, equivalent to Eng. h.--n. rough condition, crudeness: a piece inserted in a horse's shoe to keep him from slipping: a bully, a ruffian, a rowdy.--v.t. to make rough: to roughen a horse's shoes to keep him from slipping: to shape roughly: to roughen.--v.i. to break the rules in boxing by too great violence.--n. ROUGH'AGE, coarse material for bedding cattle, &c.--adj. ROUGH'-BILLED, having a rough, horny excrescence on the beak.--v.t. ROUGH'-CAST, to mould in a rough, unfinished way: to form anything in its first rudiments.--n. a rude model: a form in its rudiments: a kind of semi-fluid mortar containing fine gravel, thrown in a thin coating on outer walls.--vs.t. ROUGH'-CULL, to cull oysters hastily; ROUGH'-DRAFT, -DRAW, to trace roughly; ROUGH'-DRY, to dry without smoothing.--adj. dry without having been smoothed.--v.t. ROUGH'EN, to make rough.--v.i. to become rough.--n. ROUGH'ER, a workman who shapes something preparatory to a finishing operation: a piece of woollen cloth in preparation for fulling.--adjs. ROUGH'-FOOT'ED, having feathered feet, as a grouse; ROUGH'-GRAINED, coarse-grained.--v.t. ROUGH'-GRIND, to grind roughly.--n. ROUGH'-HEAD, the iguanoid lizard.--v.t. ROUGH'-HEW, to hew coarsely: (Shak.) to give to anything the first appearance of form.--n. ROUGH'-HEW'ER.--p.adj. ROUGH'-HEWN, not yet nicely finished: unpolished: unrefined.--ns. ROUGH'-HOUND, the dogfish: a kind of shark; ROUGH'IE (Scot.), dried heath; ROUGH'ING-MILL, a metal disc charged with wet emery, &c., for grinding gems.--adjs. ROUGH'ISH, rather rough; ROUGH'-LEGGED, having legs covered with feathers.--adv. ROUGH'LY, coarsely: harshly: rudely.--ns. ROUGH'NESS, crudeness: rawness: harshness: asperity: physical or mental rudeness: (U.S.) fodder consisting of dried corn-stalks: (Scot.) plenty, esp. of food.--adj. ROUGH'-PER'FECT, of an actor when nearly perfect in the memorising of a part.--ns. ROUGH'-RID'ER, one who rides rough or untrained horses: a horse-breaker; ROUGH'-SCUFF, a coarse fellow: the rabble.--adj. ROUGH'-SHOD, shod with roughened shoes, as a horse in frosty weather.--n. ROUGH'-SLANT, a shed partially enclosed, for shelter.--adj. ROUGH'-SPUN, rude, homely.--ns. ROUGH'-STRING, one of the supports for the steps of a wooden stairway; ROUGH'-STUFF, coarse paint laid on after the priming, and before the finish; ROUGH'-TAIL, a shield-tail snake.--adj. ROUGH'-TAILED.--n. ROUGH'-WING, a British moth: a rough-winged swallow.--adj. ROUGH'-WINGED.--v.t. ROUGH'-WORK, to work over hastily without attention to execution in detail--also n.--ROUGH AND READY, rough in manner but prompt in action; ROUGH AND TUMBLE, said of fighting in any style or by any means: indiscriminate, confused, not too particular about decorum, fairness, &c.; ROUGH DIAMOND (see DIAMOND); ROUGH IT, to take what comes.--CUT UP ROUGH, to become quarrelsome or violent; IN THE ROUGH, in an unwrought or rude condition; RIDE ROUGH-SHOD (see RIDE). [A.S. rúh, rough; Ger. rauch, rauh, Dut. ruig.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  68. Of uneven or irregular surface, not smooth or level or polished, diversified or broken by prominences, hairy, shaggy, coarse in texture, rugged, (r. skin, hands, paper, bark, road, cloth, country; book with r. edges, in which edges of original sheets are left untrimmed; r. leaf, first true leaf of springing plant after the smooth leaves or cotyledons, in the r. l., at this stage; r. rice, unhusked rice, paddy); not mild or quiet or gentle, unrestrained, violent, stormy, boisterous, disorderly, riotous, inconsiderate, harsh, unfeeling, drastic, severe, grating, astringent, (r. manners, soldier, play; r. water, sea, weather, wind; r. words; r. element of the population, quarter of the town; r. usage, handling; r. remedies; r. barytone voice; r. claret; r. tongue, habit of rudeness; gave him a lick with the r. side of my tongue, spoke severely to him; r. passage, crossing over r. sea; r. work, violence, also task requiring it, &see below; have a r. time, suffer r. handling or hardship; horse has r. paces, jolts rider; fact &c. is r. on person, worse luck than he deserves; r. MUSIC); deficient in finish or elaboration or delicacy, incomplete, rudimentary, entirely or partly unwrought, merely passable, inexact, approximate, preliminary, (r. nursing, style, welcome, kindness, plenty, accommodation, sketch, drawing; r. work, & see above; r. state, attempt, makeshift, circle; r. stone, not dressed; r. DIAMOND; r. justice; r. translation, estimate; r. copy of picture &c., reproducing only essentials; r. draft; r. COPY; r. coat, first coat of plaster on lath; r. coating, r.-cast; r. & ready, not elaborate, just good enough, not over-particular, roughly efficient or effective); r.-&-tumble, (adj.) irregular, scrambling, disorderly, regardless of procedure-rules, (n.) haphazard fight, scuffle; r.-cast, (adj., of wall &c.) coated with mixture of lime& gravel, (of plan &c.) imperfectly elaborated, (n.) plaster of lime& gravel for walls, (v.t.) coat (wall) with Roman-Catholic;, prepare (plan, essay, &c.) in outline; r. -dry, dry (clothes) without ironing &c.; r.-footed, with feathered feet (in names of birds); r.-grind, give preliminary grinding to (edged tool &c.); r.-hew, shape out roughly, give crude form to, (p.p., uncouth, unrefined); r.-hound, kind of dogfish; r.-legged, with hairy or feathered legs (of breeds of horse& bird); r. -rider, horse-breaker, man who can ride unbroken horses, (Mil.) irregular cavalryman; roughshod, (of horse) having shoes with the nail-heads projecting (ride r.-s., domineer over); r. -SPOKEN; r.-wrought, with the earlier processes done; hence roughen v.t. & i., roughish (2) a., roughly adv. (roughly SPEAKING), roughness n. (Adv.) in r. manner (land should be ploughed r.; play r.; chiefly in compds, of which some are given above). (N.) r. ground (esp. over r. & smooth), (Golf) the r. ground bordering, or between greens of, links; one of the spikes inserted in roughing horse; hard part of life, piece of hardship (usu. the r. & the smooth, the rr. & the smooths); rowdy, hooligan, man or boy of lower classes ready for lawless violence; the unfinished or the natural state, the general way, (shape it from the r.; have seen it only in the r.; is true in the r.). (Vb) turn up (feathers, hair, &c.) by rubbing against the grain (r. one up the wrong way, irritate him); secure (horse or its shoes) against slipping by insertion of spikes or projecting nails in shoes; r. it, do without ordinary conveniences of life; break in (horse); shape or plan out roughly; sketch in roughly; tune up (piano) roughly; give first shaping to (gem, lens, &c.). [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  69. n. A rude, coarse fellow; state of being coarse, unfinished, and the like. Cabinet Dictionary

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