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Definitions of shall
To owe; to be under obligation for. Webster Dictionary DB
To be obliged; must. Webster Dictionary DB
Auxiliary verb used in forming the future tense. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, "the day shall come when... , " since a promise or threat and an authoritative prophecy nearly coincide in significance. In shall with the first person, the necessity of the action is sometimes implied as residing elsewhere than in the speaker; as, I shall suffer; we shall see; and there is always a less distinct and positive assertion of his volition than is indicated by will. "I shall go" implies nearly a simple futurity; more exactly, a foretelling or an expectation of my going, in which, naturally enough, a certain degree of plan or intention may be included; emphasize the shall, and the event is described as certain to occur, and the expression approximates in meaning to our emphatic "I will go." In a question, the relation of speaker and source of obligation is of course transferred to the person addressed; as, "Shall you go?" (answer, "I shall go"); "Shall he go?" i. e., "Do you require or promise his going?" (answer, "He shall go".) The same relation is transferred to either second or third person in such phrases as "You say, or think, you shall go;" "He says, or thinks, he shall go." After a conditional conjunction (as if, whether) shall is used in all persons to express futurity simply; as, if I, you, or he shall say they are right. Should is everywhere used in the same connection and the same senses as shall, as its imperfect. It also expresses duty or moral obligation; as, he should do it whether he will or not. In the early English, and hence in our English Bible, shall is the auxiliary mainly used, in all the persons, to express simple futurity. (Cf. Will, v. t.) Shall may be used elliptically; thus, with an adverb or other word expressive of motion go may be omitted. Webster Dictionary DB
Auxiliary having no participles, imperative, or infinitive, and followed by the infinitive without to; used, together with will, to form the simple future tense: thus, to express simple futurity, singular, first person, I shall; second person, you will; third person, he will; plural, first person, we shall; second person, you will; third person, they will; used to express determination in an arrangement exactly the opposite: used in a question, according to the form expected in the answer; as, shall I? will you? etc. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
Shall and will are often confounded by inaccurate speakers or writers, and even writers such as Addison sometimes make a slip. In quoting the following lines from a song in Sir George Etherege's "She Would if she Could" (1704), Mr. R. Grant White says. "I do not know in English literature another passage in which the distinction between shall and will and would and should is at once so elegantly, so variously, so precisely, and so compactly illustrated. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
Art to, is to, or are to. Shall and will, as auxiliaries expressing simple futurity, are used as follows; I shall; thou will; he will; we shall; you will; they will. As auxiliaries expressing a promise, determination, command, or permission, their use is precisely the opposite, viz.: I will; thou shalt; he shall; we will; you shall; they shall. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
An auxiliary and defective verb; one of the two signs employed to express futurity, will being the other; in the first person shall simply foretells or declares; in the second person and third person it promises or expresses determination; interrogatively, shall either asks for permission or for direction; shall, like will, apart from its othersenses, uniformly denotes futurity. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
Should. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
Must; ought; a defective verb, usually denoting promise, obligation, determination, or command. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
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Usage examples for shall
– Moral by Ludwig Thoma
– The Boy Allies with Uncle Sams Cruisers by Ensign Robert L. Drake