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Definitions of surname

  1. the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name) Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. A name or appellation which is added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name, and becomes a family name. Newage Dictionary DB
  3. An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen. Newage Dictionary DB
  4. To name or call by an appellation added to the original name; to give a surname to. Newage Dictionary DB
  5. A name added to a baptismal or Christian name, and used as a family name. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  6. To give a family name to; call by a family name. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  7. An additional name: a name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name, and which becomes a family name. Surnames with us originally designated occupation, estate, place of residence, or some particular thing or event that related to the person. Thus William Rufus, or red; Edmund Ironsides; Robert Smith, or the smith; William Turner. Surnames seem to have been formed at first by adding the name of the father to that of the son, and in this manner several of our surnames were produced. Thus from Thomas William's son we have Thomas Williamson; from John's son we have Johnson, etc. "There still, however, wanted something to ascertain gentility of blood, where it was not marked by the actual tenure of land. This was supplied by two innovations, devised in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the adoption of surnames and of armorial bearings." –Hallam. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  8. To name or call by an appellation added to the original name: to give a surname to. "Another shall subscribe with his hand to the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel."-Is. xliv. 5. "And Simon he surnamed Peter."-Mark. iii. 16. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  9. Name borne after the baptismal name. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  10. To call by a surname. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  11. A name subjoined to a personal name; family name. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  12. A name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name; the family name; an appellation added to the original name. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  13. To name or call by surname. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  14. A name added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name-as William Smith, Smith being the surname, and William the baptismal or Christian name; the family name. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  15. To give a surname to, or to call by one. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  16. sur'n[=a]m, n. a name over and above the Christian name: the family name.--v.t. to call by a surname.--adj. SURNOM'INAL. [Formed from Fr. sur--L. super, over and above, and Eng. name, on the analogy of Fr. sur-nom.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  17. Additional name of descriptive or allusive kind attached to a person& sometimes becoming hereditary; the name common to all members of a family (cf. christian name). (Vb) give s. to; give (person s.); (p.p.) called by way of additional name, having as family name. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  18. n. [French, Latin] A name or appellation added to or over and above the baptismal or Christian name, and which becomes a family name ;- an appellation added to the original name. Cabinet Dictionary

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