Definitions of year

  1. a body of students who graduate together; "the class of '97"; "she was in my year at Hoehandle High" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. a period of time containing 365 (or 366) days; "she is 4 years old"; "in the year 1920" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity; "a school year" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g., Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun; "a Martian year takes 687 of our days" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. The time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see Bissextile). Webster Dictionary DB
  6. The time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn. Webster Dictionary DB
  7. Age, or old age; as, a man in years. Webster Dictionary DB
  8. The period during which the earth makes one complete rovolution or journey round the sun, a period of 365¼ days, or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45.51 seconds; the calendar year, or a period of 365 days (in leap year 366 days) beginning january i; colloquially, a very long time. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  9. The time the earth takes to go round the sun: 365 1/4 days or 12 months:-pl. age or old age. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  10. Time in which the earth goes round the sun; 12 months or 365 days. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  11. The period of time in which the earth completes a revolution around the sun; about 365 days, used as a unit of time, and divided into 12 months. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  12. Any period of 12 months. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  13. Age or old age. The lunar year, the space of twelve lunar months. The bissextile, or leap-year, a year occurring every fourth year of 366 days, when February has 29 days, instead of 28. The Sabbatic year, among the Israelites, every seventh year, when their land was suffered to lie untilled. The great year, the time in which the fixed stars make a revolution. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  14. The period of time, determined by astronomical observations, in which the sun moves through the twelve signs of the ecliptic, or whole circle, and returns to the same point; the so-called tropical or solar year, which comprehends twelve calendar months, or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 49 7-10ths seconds; the time in which any planet completes a revolution; the great year, see Infra. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  15. The period of time determined by one revolution of the earth round the sun, which it accomplishes in about 365 1/4 days; the period commencing on 1st January, and ending 31st December. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  16. The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the accompanyingchanges in the order of nature, are completed. Generally, when a statute Yspeaks of a year, twelve calendar, and not lunar, months are intended. Cro. Jac. 166.The year is either astronomical, ecclesiastical, or regnal, beginning on the 1st ofJanuary, or 25th of March, or the day of the sover- w eign's accession. Wharton.I thelawdictionary.org
  17. the highest ordinary division of time. Two years were known to, and apparently used by, the Hebrews. 1. A year of 360 days appears to have been in use in Noahs time. 2. The year used by the Hebrews from the time of the exodus may: be said to have been then instituted, since a current month, Abib, on the 14th day of which the first Passover was kept, was then made the first month of the year. The essential characteristics of this year can be clearly determined, though we cannot fix those of any single year. It was essentially solar for the offering of productions of the earth, first-fruits, harvest produce and ingathered fruits, was fixed to certain days of the year, two of which were in the periods of great feasts, the third itself a feast reckoned from one of the former days. But it is certain that the months were lunar, each commencing with a new moon. There must therefore have been some method of adjustment. The first point to be decided is how the commencement of each gear was fixed. Probably the Hebrews determined their new years day by the observation of heliacal or other star-risings or settings known to mark the right time of the solar year. It follows, from the determination of the proper new moon of the first month, whether by observation of a stellar phenomenon or of the forwardness of the crops, that the method of intercalation can only have been that in use after the captivity, --the addition of a thirteenth month whenever the twelfth ended too long before the equinox for the offering of the first-fruits to be made at the time fixed. The later Jews had two commencements of the year, whence it is commonly but inaccurately said that they had two years, the sacred year and the civil. We prefer to speak of the sacred and civil reckonings. The sacred reckoning was that instituted at the exodus, according to which the first month was Abib; by the civil reckoning the first month was the seventh. The interval between the two commencements was thus exactly half a year. It has been supposed that the institution at the time of the exodus was a change of commencement, not the introduction of a new year, and that thenceforward the year had two beginnings, respectively at about the vernal and the autumnal equinox. The year was divided into -- 3. Seasons . Two seasons are mentioned in the Bible, "summer" and "winter." The former properly means the time of cutting fruits, the latter that, of gathering fruits; they are therefore originally rather summer and autumn than summer and winter. But that they signify ordinarily the two grand divisions of the year, the warm and cold seasons, is evident from their use for the whole year in the expression "summer and winter." ( Psalms 74:17 ; Zechariah 14:18 ) 4. Months . [MONTHS] 5. Weeks . [WEEKS] biblestudytools.com
  18. Heb. shanah, meaning "repetition" or "revolution" ( Genesis 1:14 ; 5:3 ). Among the ancient Egyptians the year consisted of twelve months of thirty days each, with five days added to make it a complete revolution of the earth round the sun. The Jews reckoned the year in two ways, (1) according to a sacred calendar, in which the year began about the time of the vernal equinox, with the month Abib; and (2) according to a civil calendar, in which the year began about the time of the autumnal equinox, with the month Nisan. The month Tisri is now the beginning of the Jewish year. biblestudytools.com
  19. y[=e]r, n. a period of time determined by the revolution of the earth in its orbit, and embracing the four seasons, popularly a period beginning with 1st January and ending with 31st December, consisting of 365 days (excepting every fourth year, called 'bissextile' or 'leap-year,' in which one day is added to February, making the number 366)--the CALENDAR, CIVIL, or LEGAL YEAR: a space of twelve calendar months: (pl.) period of life, esp. age or old age.--ns. YEAR'-BOOK, a book published annually, containing reports of judicial cases, or of discoveries, events, &c.; YEAR'LING, an animal a year old.--adj. a year old.--adjs. YEAR'LONG, lasting a year; YEAR'LY, happening every year: lasting a year.--adv. once a year: from year to year.--YEAR OF GRACE, or OF OUR LORD, date of the Christian era.--ANOMALISTIC YEAR (see ANOMALY); ASTRONOMICAL YEAR, the interval between one vernal equinox and the next, or one complete mean apparent circuit of the ecliptic by the sun, or mean motion through 360° of longitude--365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 49.7 seconds--called also the EQUINOCTIAL, SOLAR, or TROPICAL YEAR; CANICULAR YEAR--the ancient Egyptian--counted from one heliacal rising of Sirius to the next-- (the Canicular Cycle was the cycle of 1461 years of 365 days each, or 1460 Julian years, also called the Sothiac period); ECCLESIASTICAL YEAR, the year as arranged in the ecclesiastical calendar, with saints' days, festivals, &c.; EMBOLISMIC YEAR, a year of thirteen lunar months or 384 days, occurring in a lunisolar calendar like that of the Jews; HEBREW YEAR, a lunisolar year, of 12 or 13 months of 29 or 30 days--in every cycle of nineteen years the 3d, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, and 19th having thirteen months instead of twelve; JULIAN YEAR, a period of 365¼ days, thus causing an annual error of about 11 minutes--corrected by dropping 10 days in 1582 under Pope Gregory XIII.--not adopted in England till 3d September 1752, which became September 14 (see STYLE); LEGAL YEAR, the year by which dates were reckoned, which till 1752 began in England on 25th March, that date being originally chosen by Dionysius Exiguus as being the Annunciation--exactly nine months before Christmas. In Scotland the year began on 1st January since 1600.--The most common New Year's Days were these four-- (a) 25th December; (b) 25th March; (c) Easter; (d) 1st January. Thus England used both the first and second from the 6th century to 1066; the fourth till 1155; then the second till the day after 31st December 1751, which was called 1st January 1752. Scotland used the second till 1599, when the day after 31st December 1599 was called 1st January 1600. France under Charlemagne used the first, and afterwards also the third and second till 1563; LUNAR YEAR, a period of twelve lunar months or 354 days, PLATONIC YEAR, a cycle of years at the end of which the heavenly bodies are in the same place as at the Creation--also GREAT, or PERFECT, YEAR; SABBATIC, -AL, YEAR (see SABBATH); SIDEREAL YEAR, the period required by the sun to move from a given star to the same star again--affected by Nutation only, one of the most invariable quantities which nature affords us, having a mean value of 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, 9.6 seconds.--IN YEARS, advanced in age. [A.S. geár, gér; Ger. jahr, Ice. ár, Gr. h[=o]ra, season.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  20. Time occupied by the earth in one revolution round the sun (also astronomical, equinoctial, natural, solar, tropical, y.; 365d. 5h. 48\' 46\" in length) or (astral or sidereal y., longer by 20\' 23\") by the sun in recovering its previous apparent relation to the fixed stars or (Platonic or Great or Perfect y., estimated by ancient astronomers at about 26000 yrs) by the celestial bodies in recovering their relative positions at the Creation; period of days (esp. common y. of 365 or leap-y. or bissextile y. of 366 reckoned from 1st Jan.) used by community for dating or other purposes commencing on a certain day& corresponding more or less exactly in length to the astronomical y. (also legal, civil, calendar, y.; lunar y., of 12 lunar months; LUNISOLAR y.; NEW, OLD, y.; Gregorian, Julian, y, as fixed by GREGORIAN, JUlian, calendars; SABBATICAL y.; y. of GRACE, of our LORD; in the y. 1910; in the y. 1, lit., & = very long ago; from y. to y., y. by y., as yy. go by, each y.; y. in y. out, right through the y., continuously); period of the same length as a civil y. commencing at any day (christian, Church, ecclesiastical, y., round of sacred seasons reckoned from& to Advent; the fiscal y., reckoned from 1st April for taxing purposes; the school y., y. s school terms usu. reckoned from beginning of autumn term; a y. & a day, period specified in some legal matters; was away for two yy.; it is yy. since we met); (pl.) age, time of life, (young for his yy., bearing age lightly; in yy., old); y. -book, annual publication bringing information on some subject up to date; year-long, lasting a y. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  21. [A.S.] An interval of time determined by the proper motion of the sun, i.e. by the revolution of the earth in her orbit. The Sidereal Year is the interval between two successive returns of the sun to the same point of space, its length being 365 days 6 hrs. 9 mins. 96 secs, mean solar units. The Anomalistic Year is the interval between two successive returns of the earth to perihelion, its length being 365 days 6 hrs. 13 mins. 49 3 secs, mean solar units. The Tropical Year, called also a Solar Year, is the interval between two successive returns of the sun to the first point of Aries, its length being 365 days 5 hrs. 48 mins. 497 secs, mean solar units. The Civil Year is that adopted in common life for the computation of time ; it consists of 365 days, with an additional day added now and then to keep it right with the tropical year, which regulates the seasons ; the year in which the additional day is inserted is the Bissextile or Leap Year. A Common Year is a year of 365 days ; a Lunar Year is twelve lunar months. (For Gregorian and Julian Year, vide Calendar.) The Christian Year begins with Advent. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  22. n. [Anglo-Saxon] Time of the apparent revolution of the sun through the ecliptic; period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this adopted by various nations as a measure of time;- pl. Age, or old age. Cabinet Dictionary

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