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Definitions of sprain

  1. twist suddenly so as to sprain; "wrench one's ankle"; "The wrestler twisted his shoulder"; "the hikers sprained their ankles when they fell"; "I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation; as, to sprain one's ankle. Newage Dictionary DB
  4. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist. Newage Dictionary DB
  5. A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature. Medical Dictionary DB
  6. A severe twisting or straining of the muscles or ligaments around a joint; the condition resulting from such a twisting. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  7. To overstrain or twist, as the muscles or ligaments around a joint. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  8. 1. An injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments or tendons, but without dislocation or fracture. 2. To cause a sprain of a joint. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  9. A wrenching of a part, attended by subsequent inflammation. Warner's pocket medical dictionary of today. By William R. Warner. Published 1898.
  10. To overstrain the muscles of a joint. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  11. An excessive strain of the muscles of a joint. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  12. To strain or wrench, as a joint. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  13. Wrench of a joint. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  14. To cause a sprain in. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  15. A straining or twisting of the ligaments surrounding a joint. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  16. An excessive strain of the muscles or ligaments of a joint without dislocation. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  17. To overstrain the muscles or ligaments of a joint, so as to injure them. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  18. An excessive strain of the muscles or ligaments of a joint, causing much pain. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  19. To overstrain the ligaments of a joint without dislocation. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  20. spr[=a]n, v.t. to overstrain the muscles of a joint.--n. a term employed in surgery to designate a violent stretching of tendinous or ligamentous parts with or without rupture of some of their fibres. [O. Fr. espreindre (Fr. épreindre), to press--L. exprim[)e]re, to press out.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  21. A violent straining or twisting of the soft parts surrounding the joints. According to the degree of the sprain, the fibrous parts of the joint may he simply stretched, or they may be ruptured. This affection, which has been regarded as incomplete luxation, occurs, particularly, in the ginglymoid joints; - as in the foot, wrist, knee, &c. The violence causes an afflux of blood; the serum of the blood is poured out, and often the blood itself, owing to the rupture of vessels; and inflammation arises, which ends in resolution or induration. Local, antiphlogistic applications are required, with perfect rest; and, when the inflammatory action has subsided, cold pumping and friction, with the application of a plaster and bandage, will afford support till the parts affected recover their due tone. Medical Lexicon. A Dictionary of Medical Science
  22. Wrench (ankle, wrist, &c.) violently so as to cause pain& swelling but not dislocation; (n.) such wrench, resulting inflammation& swelling. [old French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  23. Wrenching of a joint, with partial rupture of its attachments. American pocket medical dictionary.
  24. A forcible stretching of muscular, tendinous, or ligamentous tissues beyond their natural length. Swelling, disability, and pain are usual accompaniments. [Old Fr.] Appleton's medical dictionary.

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