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Definitions of atonement

  1. compensation for a wrong; "we were unable to get satisfaction from the local store" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity) Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; agreement; concord. Webster Dictionary DB
  4. Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; -- with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. Amends or satisfaction for wrong or injury. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  6. The act of atoning: reconciliation: expiation: reparation. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  7. Satisfaction. reparation, or explation made for wrong or harm; the sacrificial work of Christ. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  8. The act of atoning; reparation; expiation; the expiation of sin made by the sufferings of Christ. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  9. Reconciliation after enmity; satisfaction; expiation. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  10. This word does not occur in the Authorized Version of the New Testament except in Romans 5:11 , where in the Revised Version the word "reconciliation" is used. In the Old Testament it is of frequent occurrence. The meaning of the word is simply at-one-ment, i.e., the state of being at one or being reconciled, so that atonement is reconciliation. Thus it is used to denote the effect which flows from the death of Christ. But the word is also used to denote that by which this reconciliation is brought about, viz., the death of Christ itself; and when so used it means satisfaction, and in this sense to make an atonement for one is to make satisfaction for his offences ( Exodus 32:30 ; Leviticus 4:26 ; 5:16 ; Numbers 6:11 ), and, as regards the person, to reconcile, to propitiate God in his behalf. By the atonement of Christ we generally mean his work by which he expiated our sins. But in Scripture usage the word denotes the reconciliation itself, and not the means by which it is effected. When speaking of Christ's saving work, the word "satisfaction," the word used by the theologians of the Reformation, is to be preferred to the word "atonement." Christ's satisfaction is all he did in the room and in behalf of sinners to satisfy the demands of the law and justice of God. Christ's work consisted of suffering and obedience, and these were vicarious, i.e., were not merely for our benefit, but were in our stead, as the suffering and obedience of our vicar, or substitute. Our guilt is expiated by the punishment which our vicar bore, and thus God is rendered propitious, i.e., it is now consistent with his justice to manifest his love to transgressors. Expiation has been made for sin, i.e., it is covered. The means by which it is covered is vicarious satisfaction, and the result of its being covered is atonement or reconciliation. To make atonement is to do that by virtue of which alienation ceases and reconciliation is brought about. Christ's mediatorial work and sufferings are the ground or efficient cause of reconciliation with God. They rectify the disturbed relations between God and man, taking away the obstacles interposed by sin to their fellowship and concord. The reconciliation is mutual, i.e., it is not only that of sinners toward God, but also and pre-eminently that of God toward sinners, effected by the sin-offering he himself provided, so that consistently with the other attributes of his character his love might flow forth in all its fulness of blessing to men. The primary idea presented to us in different forms throughout the Scripture is that the death of Christ is a satisfaction of infinite worth rendered to the law and justice of God (q.v.), and accepted by him in room of the very penalty man had incurred. It must also be constantly kept in mind that the atonement is not the cause but the consequence of God's love to guilty men ( John 3:16 ; Romans 3:24 Romans 3:25 ; Ephesians 1:7 ; 1 John 1:9 ; 4:9 ). The atonement may also be regarded as necessary, not in an absolute but in a relative sense, i.e., if man is to be saved, there is no other way than this which God has devised and carried out ( Exodus 34:7 ; Joshua 24:19 ; Psalms 5:4 ; 7:11 ; Nahum 1:2 Nahum 1:6 ; Romans 3:5 ). This is God's plan, clearly revealed; and that is enough for us to know. biblestudytools.com
  11. Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ. dictgcide_fs
  12. n. Reconciliation after enmity or controversy; –satisfaction or reparation; specifically the expiation of sin by the obedience and sufferings of Christ. Cabinet Dictionary
  13. Agreement, concord; expiation; expiatory equivalent. Complete Dictionary
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