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Definitions of abstraction

  1. a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance; "he loved her only in the abstract--not in person" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. the act of withdrawing or removing something Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. an abstract painting Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal. Webster Dictionary DB
  8. The act process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects. Webster Dictionary DB
  9. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions. Webster Dictionary DB
  10. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction. Webster Dictionary DB
  11. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects. Webster Dictionary DB
  12. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining. Webster Dictionary DB
  13. A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation. Webster Dictionary DB
  14. Withdrawal, as of the mind from any object, or a quality from a thing of which it is a part; absence of mind; dishonest removal; theft; something unreal. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  15. 1. Taking away. 2. The making of an abstract from the crude drug. 3. Bloodletting. 4. Distillation or separation of the volatile constituents of a substance. 5. Exclusive mental concentration, absentmindedness. A practical medical dictionary. By Stedman, Thomas Lathrop. Published 1920.
  16. Act of abstracting: state of being abstracted, absence of mind: the operation of the mind by which certain qualities or attributes of an object are considered apart from the rest: a purloining. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  17. Act of taking away; absence of mind. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  18. An abstracting. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  19. An abstract idea; something unreal. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  20. Removal; theft. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  21. Absence of mind. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  22. The act of abstracting; the state of being abstracted; the operation of the mind by which qualities are considered apart from their substances, and abstract ideas, which may be reasoned about apart from things, are formed from concrete objects; a separation from worldly objects; absence of mind; purloining. The separation by heat of the volatile parts of a compound from those which are fixed. When the part abstracted is collected, the process is called distillation or sublimation, according as the process is wet or dry. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  23. ABSTRACTION (Lat. abs and trahere), the process or result of drawing away; that which is drawn away, separated or derived. Thus the noun is used for a summary, compendium or epitome of a larger work, the gist of which is given in a concentrated form. Similarly an absent-minded man is said to be “abstracted,” as paying no attention to the matter in hand. In philosophy the word has several closely related technical senses. (1) In formal logic it is applied to those terms which denote qualities, attributes, circumstances, as opposed to concrete terms, the names of things; thus “friend” is concrete, “friendship” abstract. The term which expresses the connotation of a word is therefore an abstract term, though it is probably not itself connotative; adjectives are concrete, not abstract, e.g. “equal” is concrete, “equality” abstract (cf. Aristotle's aphaeresis and prosthesis). (2) The process of abstraction takes an important place both in psychological and metaphysical speculation. The psychologist finds among the earliest of his problems the question as to the process from the perception of things seen and heard to mental conceptions, which are ultimately distinct from immediate perception (see Psychology.) When the mind, beginning with isolated individuals, groups them together in virtue of perceived resemblances and arrives at a unity in plurality, the process by which attention is diverted from individuals and concentrated on a single inclusive concept (i.e. classification) is one of abstraction. All orderly thought and all increase of knowledge depend partly on establishing a clear and accurate connexion between particular things and general ideas, rules and principles. The nature of the resultant concepts belongs to the great controversy between Nominalism, Realism and Conceptualism. Metaphysics, again, is concerned with the ultimate problems of matter and spirit; it endeavours to go behind the phenomena of sense and focus its attention on the fundamental truths which are the only logical bases of natural science. This, again, is a process of abstraction, the attainment of abstract ideas which, apart from the concrete individuals, are conceived as having a substantive existence. The final step in the process is the conception of the Absolute (q.v.), which is abstract in the most complete sense.Abstraction differs from Analysis, inasmuch as its object is to select a particular quality for consideration in itself as it is found in all the objects to which it belongs, whereas analysis considers all the qualities which belong to a single object. en.wikisource.org
  24. 1. Generalisation; ignoring or hiding details to capture somekind of commonality between different instances. Examples areabstract data types (the representation details are hidden),abstract syntax (the details of the concrete syntax areignored), abstract interpretation (details are ignored toanalyse specific properties).2. Parameterisation, making something a functionof something else. Examples are lambda abstractions (makinga term into a function of some variable), higher-orderfunctions (parameters are functions), bracket abstraction(making a term into a function of a variable).Opposite of concretisation. foldoc_fs
  25. Taking away, withdrawal; (euphemism) stealing. Process of stripping an idea of its concrete accompaniments; the idea so stripped, something visionary, whence abstraction- monger n. Absence of mind. [French] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  26. Concentration of mind. American pocket medical dictionary.
  27. Venesection. American pocket medical dictionary.
  28. See Predicable. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  29. n. Act of abstracting or separating, or the state of being separated;—act or process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object, so as to attend to others; analysis;—an idea or notion of a theoretical nature;—a separation from worldly objects; a recluse life ;— absence of mind ; inattention to present objects ;—the taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another. Cabinet Dictionary
  30. The act of abstracting; the state of being abstracted. Complete Dictionary
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