Definitions of sheep

  1. a timid defenseless simpleton who is readily preyed upon Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. woolly usually horned ruminant mammal related to the goat Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. a docile and vulnerable person who would rather follow than make an independent decision; "his students followed him like sheep" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. Any one of several species of ruminants of the genus Ovis, native of the higher mountains of both hemispheres, but most numerous in Asia. Webster Dictionary DB
  5. A weak, bashful, silly fellow. Webster Dictionary DB
  6. Fig.: The people of God, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd. Webster Dictionary DB
  7. A cud-chewing animal valued for its wool and edible flesh; leather made of sheepskin. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  8. The well-known animal covered with wool: a silly fellow (in contempt). The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  9. The quadruped that furnishes wool. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  10. A small ruminant quadruped prized for its flesh and wool; also, leather made from its skin. sheepskin. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  11. A well-known ruminant animal, valuable for its flesh and wool; a silly fellow; God's people, with reference to the Divine Shepherd. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  12. A well-known animal covered with wool; familiarly, one who is foolishly modest and backward; in Scrip., a term applied to God's people, indicating their relation to Him as their shepherd. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  13. Sheep were an important part of the possessions of the ancient Hebrews and of eastern nations generally. The first mention of sheep occurs in ( Genesis 4:2 ) They were used in the sacrificial offering,as, both the adult animal, ( Exodus 20:24 ) and the lamb. See ( Exodus 29:28 ; Leviticus 9:3 ; 12:6 ) Sheep and lambs formed an important article of food. ( 1 Samuel 25:18 ) The wool was used as clothing. ( Leviticus 13:47 ) "Rams skins dyed red" were used as a covering for the tabernacle. ( Exodus 25:5 ) Sheep and lambs were sometimes paid as tribute. ( 2 Kings 3:4 ) It is very striking to notice the immense numbers of sheep that were reared in Palestine in biblical times. (Chardin says he saw a clan of Turcoman shepherds whose flock consisted of 3,000,000 sheep and goats, besides 400,000 Feasts of carriage, as horses, asses and camels.) Sheep-sheering is alluded to ( Genesis 31:19 ) Sheepdogs were employed in biblical times. ( Job 30:1 ) Shepherds in Palestine and the East generally go before their flocks, which they induce to follow by calling to them, comp. ( John 10:4 ; Psalms 77:20 ; 80:1 ) though they also drive them. ( Genesis 33:13 ) The following quotation from Hartleys "Researches in Greece and the Levant," p. 321, is strikingly illustrative of the allusions in ( John 10:1-16 ) "Having had my attention directed last night to the words in ( John 10:3 ) I asked my man if it was usual in Greece to give names to the sheep. He informed me that it was, and that the sheep obeyed the shepherd when he called them by their names. This morning I had an opportunity of verifying the truth of this remark. Passing by a flock of sheep I asked the shepherd the same question which I had put to the servant, and he gave me the same answer. I then had him call one of his sheep. He did so, and it instantly left its pasturage and its companions and ran up to the hands of the shepherd with signs of pleasure and with a prompt obedience which I had never before observed in any other animal. It is also true in this country that a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him. The shepherd told me that many of his sheep were still wild, that they had not yet learned their names, but that by teaching them they would all learn them." The common sheer, of Syria and Palestine are the broad-tailed. As the sheep is an emblem of meekness, patience and submission, it is expressly mentioned as typifying these qualities in the person of our blessed Lord. ( Isaiah 53:7 ; Acts 8:32 ) etc. The relation that exists between Christ, "the chief Shepherd," and his members is beautifully compared to that which in the East is so strikingly exhibited by the shepherds to their flocks [SHEPHERD] biblestudytools.com
  14. are of different varieties. Probably the flocks of Abraham and Isaac were of the wild species found still in the mountain regions of Persia and Kurdistan. After the Exodus, and as a result of intercourse with surrounding nations, other species were no doubt introduced into the herds of the people of Israel. They are frequently mentioned in Scripture. The care of a shepherd over his flock is referred to as illustrating God's care over his people ( Psalms 23:1 Psalms 23:2 ; 74:1 ; 77:20 ; Isaiah 40:11 ; 53:6 ; John 10:1-5 John 10:7-16 ). "The sheep of Palestine are longer in the head than ours, and have tails from 5 inches broad at the narrowest part to 15 inches at the widest, the weight being in proportion, and ranging generally from 10 to 14 lbs., but sometimes extending to 30 lbs. The tails are indeed huge masses of fat" (Geikie's Holy Land, etc.). The tail was no doubt the "rump" so frequently referred to in the Levitical sacrifices ( Exodus 29:22 ; Leviticus 3:9 ; 7:3 ; 9:19 ). Sheep-shearing was generally an occasion of great festivity ( Genesis 31:19 ; Genesis 38:12 Genesis 38:13 ; 1 Samuel 25:4-8 1 Samuel 25:36 ; 2 Sam. 13:23-28 ). biblestudytools.com
  15. sh[=e]p, n.sing. and pl. the well-known ruminant mammal covered with wool: leather made from sheep-skin: a silly and timid fellow.--ns. SHEEP'-B[=I]T'ER (Shak.), one who practises petty thefts; SHEEP'-B[=I]T'ING, robbing those under one's care, like an ill-trained shepherd-dog; SHEEP'-COTE, an enclosure for sheep; SHEEP'-DOG, a dog trained to watch sheep: (slang) a chaperon.--adj. SHEEP'-FACED, sheepish, bashful.--ns. SHEEP'-FARM'ER, SHEEP'-FOLD, a fold or enclosure for sheep: a flock of sheep; SHEEP'-HEAD, SHEEP'S'-HEAD, a fool, a stupid and timid person: an American fish of the family Sparidæ, allied to the perches, so called from the shape and colour of the head; SHEEP'-HOOK, a shepherd's crook.--adj. SHEEP'ISH, like a sheep: bashful: foolishly diffident.--adv. SHEEP'ISHLY.--ns. SHEEP'ISHNESS; SHEEP'-LOUSE, a parasitic dipterous insect; SHEEP'-MAR'KET, a place where sheep are sold; SHEEP'-MAS'TER, a master or owner of sheep; SHEEP'-PEN, an enclosure for sheep; SHEEP'-PEST, the sheep-tick; SHEEP'-POX, a contagious eruptive disease of sheep, variola ovina; SHEEP'-RUN, a tract of grazing country for sheep; SHEEP'S'-EYE, a modest, diffident look: a loving, wishful glance; SHEEP'S'-FOOT, a printer's tool with a claw at one end for prizing up forms; SHEEP'-SHANK (Scot.), the shank of a sheep--hence something slender and weak: a nautical knot for temporarily shortening a rope; SHEEP'-SHEARER, one who shears sheep; SHEEP'-SHEARING; SHEEP'-SHEARS, a kind of shears used for shearing sheep; SHEEP'-SIL'VER, money formerly paid by tenants for release from the service of washing the lord's sheep; SHEEP'-SKIN, the skin of a sheep: leather prepared from the skin of a sheep: a deed engrossed on sheep-skin parchment; SHEEP'-STEAL'ER; SHEEP'-STEAL'ING; SHEEP'S'-WOOL, a valuable Florida sponge; SHEEP'-TICK, an insect which attacks the sheep, sucking its blood and raising a tumour; SHEEP'WALK, the place where the sheep pasture; SHEEP'-WASH, a lotion for vermin on the sheep, or to preserve its wool--also SHEEP'-DIP; SHEEP'-WHIS'TLING, tending sheep.--BLACK SHEEP, the disreputable member of a family or group. [A.S. sceáp; Ger. schaf.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  16. (pl. the same). Kinds of wild or domesticated timid gregarious woolly sometimes horned ruminant mammal of which male is named ram, female ewe, & young lamb (s. & goats, the good& the bad, see Matt. xxv. 33; black s.; cast s.\'s eyes, glance amorously at; follow like s., said of persons with no initiative or independence; as well be hanged for a s. as a lamb; s. that have no shepherd, helpless crowd &c.; wolf in s.\'s clothing); bashful embarrassed person (so sheepish a., sheepishly adv., sheepishness n.); (usu. pl., now chiefly facet.) member (s) of ministers flock, parishioners &c.; = sheepskin leather; s.-bot, fly& larva injurious to s.; s.-cote (archaic), -fold, -pen (rare), enclosure for penning s.; s.-dip, -wash, preparation for freeing s. of vermin or preserving their wool; s.-dog, collie, also breed of rough-coated short-tailed dog used by shepherds; s. -farmer, -master, breeder of s.; s.-hook, shepherds crook; s.-louse, -tick, kinds of parasite on s.; s.-pox, s.-disease resembling smallpox; s.-run, extensive s.-walk, esp. in Australia; s. s-bit, plant resembling seabious; s. s-fescue, a pasture grass; sheepshank, kind of hitch used to shorten ropes length temporarily; s. s-head lit., also kind of sea-fish used for food; s.-shearing, (festival at) shearing of s.; sheepskin, garment or rug of s. s skin with wool on, also leather of s. s skin used in book binding &c., also parchment of it or deed or diploma engrossed on this; s.-walk, tract of land on which s. are pastured; s.-wash, lotion for killing vermin or preserving wool on s. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary

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