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Definitions of bill

  1. a statement of money owed for goods or services; "he paid his bill and left"; "send me an account of what I owe" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  2. a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank); "he peeled off five one-thousand-zloty notes" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  3. horny projecting mouth of a bird Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  4. demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?"; "We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although e stayed only 3 nights" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  5. the entertainment offered at a public presentation Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  6. a brim that projects to the front to shade the eyes; "he pulled down the bill of his cap and trudged ahead" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  7. a long-handled saw with a curved blade; "he used a bill to prune branches off of the tree" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  8. a list of particulars (as a playbill or bill of fare) Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  9. a statute in draft before it becomes law; "they held a public hearing on the bill" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  10. a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement; "a poster advertised the coming attractions" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  11. an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution; "he mailed the circular to all subscribers" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  12. advertise esp. by posters or placards; "He was billed as the greatest tenor since Caruso" Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  13. publicize or announce by placards Scrapingweb Dictionary DB
  14. an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered; "he paid his bill and left"; "send me an account of what I owe" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  15. advertise especially by posters or placards; "He was billed as the greatest tenor since Caruso" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  16. demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?"; "We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights" Wordnet Dictionary DB
  17. A beak, as of a bird, or sometimes of a turtle or other animal. Webster Dictionary DB
  18. To join bills, as doves; to caress in fondness. Webster Dictionary DB
  19. The bell, or boom, of the bittern Webster Dictionary DB
  20. A weapon of infantry, in the 14th and 15th centuries. A common form of bill consisted of a broad, heavy, double-edged, hook-shaped blade, having a short pike at the back and another at the top, and attached to the end of a long staff. Webster Dictionary DB
  21. One who wields a bill; a billman. Webster Dictionary DB
  22. A pickax, or mattock. Webster Dictionary DB
  23. The extremity of the arm of an anchor; the point of or beyond the fluke. Webster Dictionary DB
  24. To work upon ( as to dig, hoe, hack, or chop anything) with a bill. Webster Dictionary DB
  25. A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law. Webster Dictionary DB
  26. A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document. Webster Dictionary DB
  27. A form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law. Webster Dictionary DB
  28. A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods; a placard; a poster; a handbill. Webster Dictionary DB
  29. An account of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; a statement of a creditor's claim, in gross or by items; as, a grocer's bill. Webster Dictionary DB
  30. Any paper, containing a statement of particulars; as, a bill of charges or expenditures; a weekly bill of mortality; a bill of fare, etc. Webster Dictionary DB
  31. To advertise by a bill or public notice. Webster Dictionary DB
  32. To charge or enter in a bill; as, to bill goods. Webster Dictionary DB
  33. An act or a bill conferring upon a chief executive, as a governor or mayor, large powers of appointment and removal of heads of departments or other subordinate officials. Newage Dictionary DB
  34. A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle; - used in pruning, etc.; a billhook. When short, called a hand bill, when long, a hedge bill. Webster Dictionary DB
  35. An act or a conferring upon a chief executive, as a governor or mayor, large powers of appointment and removal of heads of departments or other subordinate officials. Webster Dictionary DB
  36. An account for goods sold, services given, or work done; a paper binding the signer or signers to pay a definite sum at a certain date or on demand; a copy of a proposed law presented to a legislature; a printed advertisement; any written paper containing a statement of particulars; a written declaration of wrong or injury; the beak of a bird; a kind of hatchet with a blade hook-shaped toward the point, used in pruning, etc.; a battle-ax, attached to a long staff, formerly used by soldiers on foot. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  37. To advertise by bills or posters; to make a list of; as, to bill goods. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  38. To join beaks; as, doves bill and coo; hence, to caress fondly. The Winston Simplified Dictionary. By William Dodge Lewis, Edgar Arthur Singer. Published 1919.
  39. A kind of battle-axe: a hatchet with a hooked point for pruning. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  40. The beak of a bird, or anything like it. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  41. To join bills as doves: to caress fondly. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  42. An account of money: a draft of a proposed law: a written engagement to pay a sum of money at a fixed date: a placard or advertisement: any written statement of particulars. The american dictionary of the english language. By Daniel Lyons. Published 1899.
  43. A public notice. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  44. An account of money due; a note; draft of a law. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  45. The beak of a bird; a hatchet or axe with a hooked point. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  46. To caress fondly, as birds. The Clarendon dictionary. By William Hand Browne, Samuel Stehman Haldeman. Published 1894.
  47. To enter in a bill; charge; advertise by bills or placards. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  48. To join bills, as doves; caress. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  49. A statement of an account. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  50. A bank or government-note. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  51. A list of items. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  52. The draft of a proposed law. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  53. A beak, as of a bird. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  54. A hook-shaped instrument or weapon; a halberd. The Concise Standard Dictionary of the English Language. By James Champlin Fernald. Published 1919.
  55. The beak of a bird. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  56. A short axe or hatchet with a hooked point; a kind of balbert or battle-axe. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  57. Written statement of particulars; an account; a promissory note; draft of a proposed law; an advertisement posted up. See Bull. A declaration in writing, expressing a wrong sustained or committed. Bill of credit, a document empowering another to receive money from a third party; a note issued on the credit of the state and passed as money. A bill of exchange, an order drawn on a person at a distance, requesting him to pay money to some person assigned by the drawer, in consideration of value received. A bill of entry, a written account of goods entered at the custom-house. A bill of sight, a provisional entry, at the custom-house, of goods respecting which the importer has not full information so as to describe them exactly. A bill of lading, a formal receipt signed by the master of a merchant vessel, acknowledging that he has received the goods specified in it on board his ship, and binding himself, under certain exceptions, to the safe delivery of them. Bill of parcels, an account of goods bought, with their prices given by the seller to the buyer; an invoice. A bill of sale, a written conveyance of certain goods, therein named, by a debtor to a creditor, authorizing him to dispose of the same if his debt be not paid according to the terms of the contract. A bill of health, a certificate from the proper authorities as to the state of health of a ship's company at the time of her leaving port. A bill of mortality, an account of the number of deaths in a place in a given time. A bill of rights, a summary of rights and privileges claimed by a people. A bill of divorce, in the Jewish law, a writing given by the husband to the wife, by which the marriage relation was dissolved. A true bill, a declaration by a grand jury that the evidence against a prisoner is sufficient to warrant a trial. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  58. To caress, as doves, by joining bills; to fondle. Nuttall's Standard dictionary of the English language. By Nuttall, P.Austin. Published 1914.
  59. To strike; to peck. Webster Dictionary DB
  60. An instrument for hewing; an anc. military weapon; a hooked instrument for cutting hedges, pruning, &c.; the beak of a fowl or bird. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  61. An account for goods; a printed advertisement; in law, a declaration in writing of some fault or wrong; a written promise to pay money in a certain time; a form or draft of a proposed law before parliament; a written list of particulars in law, in commerce, or in other social usages : bill of exchange, a written order on a person in a distant place requesting him to pay money to another-the person who draws the bill is called the drawer, the person requested to pay the money the drawee, the person to whom the money is payable is called the payee : bill of fare, in a hotel, a list of articles ready for food : bill of entry, in com., a written account of goods entered at the custom-house : bill of lading, a written account of goods shipped by a person on board an outward-bound vessel, and signed by the master or captain : bill of health, a certificate of the health of a ship's crew : bill of mortality, an official return of deaths in any place : bill of rights, a summary or list of the rights and privileges claimed by a people : bill of sale, a written inventory or list given by the seller of personal property to the purchaser : bill of exceptions, a written statement of errors in law tendered to the presiding judge before a verdict is given : bill in chancery, a written statement put in or filed in the Court of Chancery : true bill, an attested written statement by a grand jury of sufficient evidence against a prisoner to warrant a trial : bill chamber, in Scot., a particular department of the Court of Session for dealing with certain written documents : bill of suspension, in Scot., a written application or appeal from a lower to a higher court, to prevent execution of a sentence in a criminal trial : bill of divorce, in the Jewish law, a certain form of writing given by a husband to a wife by which his marriage with her was dissolved : bill-sticker, One who posts placards, &c. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  62. To caress as doves joining bills; to be fond. Etymological and pronouncing dictionary of the English language. By Stormonth, James, Phelp, P. H. Published 1874.
  63. A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle; -- used in pruning, etc.; a billhook. When short, called a hand bill, when long, a hedge bill. mso.anu.edu.au
  64. A formal declaration, complaint, or statement of particular things in writing. As a legal term, this word has many meanings and applications, the more important of which are enumerated below. 1. A formal written statement of complaint to a court of justice. In the ancient practice of the court of king’s bench, the usual and orderly method of beginning an action was by a bill, or original bill, or plaint. This was a written            statement of the plaintiff’s cause of action, like a declaration or complaint, and always alleged a trespass as the ground of it, in order to give the court jurisdiction. 3 Bl. Comm. 43. In Scotch law, every summary application in writing, by way of petition to the Court of Session, is called a “bill.” Cent. Diet. thelawdictionary.org
  65. Legislation. An instrument drawn or presented by a member or committee to a legislative body for its approbation and enactment. After it has gone through both houses and received the constitutional sanction of the chief magistrate, where such approbation is requisite, it becomes a law. See Meigs, R. 237. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  66. Chancery practice. A complaint in writing addressed to the chancellor, containing the names of the parties to the suit, both complainant and defendant, a statement of the facts on which the complainant relies, and the allegations which he makes, with an averment that the acts complained of are contrary to equity , and a prayer for relief and proper process. Its office in a chancery suit, is the same as a declaration in an action at law, a libel in a court of admiralty or an allegation in, the spiritual courts. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  67. A bill usually consists of nine parts. 1. The address, which must be to the chancellor, court or judge acting as such. 2. The second part consists of the names of the plaintiffs and their descriptions; but the description of the parties in this part of the bill does not, it seems, constitute a sufficient averment, so as to put that fact in issue. 2. Ves. & Bea. 327. 3. The third part is called the premises or stating part of the bill, and contains the plaintiff's case. 4. In the fourth place is a general charge of confederacy. 5. The fifth part consists of allegations of the defendant's pretences, and charges in evidence of them. 6. The sixth part contains the clause of jurisdiction and in averment that the acts complained of are contrary to equity. 7. The seventh part consists of a prayer that the parties answer the premises, which is usually termed the interrogatory part. 8. The prayer for relief sought forms the eighth part. And, 9. The ninth part is a prayer for process. 2 Mad. Ch. 166; Blake's Ch. P. 35; 1 Mitf. Pl. 41. The facts contained in the bill, as far as known to the complainant, must, in some cases, be sworn to be true; and such as are not known to him, he must swear he believes to be true; and it must be signed by counsel; 2 Madd. Ch. Pr. 167; Story, Eq. Pl. §26 to 47; and for cases requiring an affidavit, see, 3 Brow. Chan. Cas. 12, 24, 463; Bunb. 35; 2 Brow. 11 1 Fow. Proc. 256 Mitf. Pl. 51; 2 P. Wms. 451; 3 Id. 77; 1 Atk. 450; 3 Id. 17, 132; 3 Atk. 132 Preced. in Ch. 332 Barton's Equity, 48 n. 1, 53 n. 1, 56 n. 1 2 Brow. Ch. Cas. 281, 319; 4 Id. 480 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  68. Bills may be divided into three classes, namely: 1. Original bills. 2. Bills not original. 3. Bills in the nature of original bills. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  69. An original bill is one which prays the decree of the court, touching some right claimed by the person exhibiting the bill, in opposition to some right claimed by the person against whom the bill is exhibited. Hinde, 19; Coop. Eq. Pl. 43. Original bills always relate to some matter not before litigated in the court by the same persons, and standing in the same interests. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 34; Story, Eq. Pl., §16. They may be divided into those which pray relief, and those which do not pray relief. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  70. T. Original bills praying relief are of three kinds. First. Bills Praying the decree or order of the court, touching some right claimed by the party exhibiting the bill, in opposition to some right, real or supposed, claimed by the party against whom the bill is exhibited, or touching some wrong done in violation of the plaintiff's right. Mitf. Eq. Pl. 32. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  71. - Secondly. A bill of interpleader, is one in which the person exhibiting it claims no right in opposition to the rights claimed by the person against whom the bill is exhibited, but prays the decree of the court touching the rights of those persons, for the safety of the person exhibiting the bill. Hinde, 20; Coop. Eq. Pl. 43; Mitf. Pl. 32. The Practical Register defines it to be a bill exhibited by a third person, who, not knowing to whom he ought of right to render a debt or duty, or pay his rent, fears he may be hurt by some of the claimants, and therefore prays be may interplead, so that the court may judge to whom the thing belongs, and he be thereby safe on the payment. Pr. Reg. 78; Harr. Ch. Pr. 45; Edw. Inj. 393; 2 Paige, 199 Id. 570; 6 John. Ch. R. 445. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  72. The interpleader has been compared to the intervention (q. v.) of the civil law. Gilb. For. Rom. 47. But there is a striking difference between them. The tertius in our interpleader in equity, professes to have no interest in the subject, and calls upon the parties who allege they have, to come forward and discuss their claims: the tertius of the civil law, on the other hand, asserts a right himself in the 'Subject, which two persons are at the time actually contesting, and insists upon his right to join in the discussion. A bill of interpleader may be filed, though the party has not been sued at law, or has been sued by one only of the conflicting claimants, or though the claim of one of the defendants is actionable at law, and the other in equity. 6 Johns. Chan. R. 445. The requisites of a bill of this kind are, 1. It must admit the want of interest in the plaintiff in the subject matter of dispute. 2. The plaintiff must annex an affidavit that there is no collusion between him and either of the parties. 3. The bill must contain an offer to bring the money into court, when there is any due; the want of which is a ground of demurrer, unless the money has actually been paid into court. Mitf. Eq. Pl. 49; Coop. Eq. Pl. 49; Barton, Suit in Eq. 47, note 1. 4. The plaintiff should state his own rights, and thereby negative any interest in the thing in controversy; and also should state the several claims of the opposite parties; a neglect on this subject is good cause of demurrer. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 142; 2 Story on Eq. §821; Story, Eq. Pl. 292. 5. The bill should also show that there are persons in esse capable of interpleading, and setting up opposite claims. Coop. Eq. Pl. 46; 1 Mont. Eq. Pl. 234; Story, Eq. Pl. §295; Story on Eq. §821; 1 Ves. 248. 6. The bill should pray that the defendants set forth their several titles, and interplead, settle, and adjust their demands between themselves. The bill also generally prays an injunction to restrain the proceedings of the claimants, or either of them, at law; and, in this case, the bill should offer to bring the money into court and the court will not in general act upon this part of the prayer, unless the money be actually brought into court. 4 Paige's R. 384 6 John. Ch. R. 445. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  73. Thirdly. A bill of certiorari, is one praying the writ of certiorari to remove a cause from an inferior court of equity. Coop. El q. 44. The requisites of this bill are that it state, 1st. the proceedings in the inferior court; 2d. the incompetency of such court, by suggesting that the cause is out of its jurisdiction; or that the witnesses live out of its jurisdiction; or are not able, by age or infirmity, or the distance of the place, to follow the suit there or that, for some other cause, justice is not likely to be done-, 3d. the bill must pray a writ of certiorari, to certify and remove the record and the cause to the superior court. Wyatt, Pr. Reg. 82; Harr. Ch. Pr. 49; Story, Eq. Pl. §298. This bill is seldom used in the United States. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  74. . Original bills not praying relief are of two kinds. First,. Bills to secure evidence, which are bills to perpetuate the testimony of witnesses or bills to examine witnesses de bene esse. These will be separately considered. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  75. A bill to perpetuate the testimony of witnesses, is one which prays leave to examine them, and states that the witnesses are old, infirm, or sick, or going beyond the jurisdiction of the court, whereby the party is in danger of losing the benefit of their testimony. Hinde, 20. It does not pray for relief. Coop. Eq. Pl. 44. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  76. In order to maintain such a bill, it is requisite to state on its face all the material facts to support the jurisdiction. It must state, 1. the subject-matter toucbing which the plaintiff is desirous of giving evidence. Rep. Temp. Finch, 391; 4 Madd. R. 8, 10. 2. It must show that the plaintiff has some interest in the subject-matter, which may be endangered if the testimony in support of it be lost; and a mere expectancy, however strong, is not sufficient. 6 Ves. 260 1 Vern. 105; 15 Ves. 136; Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 51 Coop. Eq. Pl., 52. 3. It must state that the defendant has, or pretends to have, or that he claims an interest to contest the title of the plaintiff in the subject-matter of the proposed testimony. Coop. Pl. 56; Story, Eq. Pl. §302. 4. It must exhibit some ground of necessity for perpetuating the evidence. Story, Eq. Pl. §303 Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 52, 148 and note y; Coop. Eq. Pl. 53. 5. The right of which the bill is brought to perpetuate the evidence or testimony, should be described with reasonable certainty in the bill, so as to point the proper interrogations on both sides to the true merits of the controversy. 1 Vern. 312; Coop. Eq. Pl. 56. 6. It should pray leave to examine the witnesses touching the matter stated, to the end that their testimony maybe preserved and perpetuated. Mitf. Pl 52. A bill to perpetuate testimony differs from a bill to take testimony de bene esse, in this, that the latter is sustainable only when there is a suit already depending, while the former can be maintained only when no present suit can be brought at law by the party seeking the aid of a court to try his right. Story, Eq. Pl. §307. The canonists had a similar rule. According to the canon law, witnesses could be examined before any action was commenced, for fear that their evidence might be lost. x, cap. 5 Boehmer, n. 5 8 Toull. n. 23. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  77. Bill to take testimony de bene esse. This bill, the name of which is sufficiently descriptive of its object, is frequently confounded with a bill to perpetuate testimony; but although it bears a close analogy to it, ,it is very different. Bills to perpetuate testimony can be maintained only, when no present suit can be maintained at law by the party seeking the aid of the court to try his right; whereas bills to take testimony de bene esse, are sustainable only in aid of a suit already depending. 1 Sim. & Stu. 83. The latter may be brought by a person who is in possession, or out of possession; and whether he be plaintiff or defendant in the action at law. Story, Eq Pl. §307 and 303, note; Story on Eq. 1813, note 3. In many respects the rules which regulate the framing of bills to perpetuate testimony, are applicable to bills to take testimony ae bene esse. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  78. - Secondly. A bill of discovery, emphatically so called, is one which prays for the discovery of facts resting within the knowledge of the person against whom the bill is exhibited, or of deeds, writings, or other things in his custody or power. Hinde, 20; Blake's Ch. Pr. 37. Every bill, except the bill of certiorari, may in truth, be considered a bill of discovery, for every bill seeks a disclosure of circumstances relative to the plaintiff's case; but that usually and emphatically distinguished by this appellation is a bill for the discovery of facts, resting in the knowledge of the defendant, or of deeds or writings, or other things in his custody or power, and seeking no relief in consequence of the discovery. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  79. This bill is commonly used in aid of the jurisdiction of some other court as to enable the plaintiff Ito prosecute or defend an action at law. Mitf. Pl. 52. "The plaintiff, in this species of bill, must be entitled to the discovery he seeks, and shall only have a discovery of what is necessary for his own title, as of deeds he claims under, and not to pry into that of the defendant. 2 Ves. 445. See Blake's Ch. Pr. 45 Mitf. Pl. 52 Coop. Eq. Pl. 58 1 Madd. Ch. Pr. 196 Hare on Disc. passim Wagr. on Disc. passim. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  80. The action ad exhibendum, in the Roman law, was not unlike a bill of discovery. Its object was to force the party against whom it was instituted, to exhibit a thing or a title in his power. It was always preparatory to another, which was always a real action in the sense of the word in the Roman law. See Action ad exhibendum; Merlin, Questions de Droit, tome i. 84. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  81. - II . Bills not original. These are either in addition to, or a continuance of an original bill, or both. Mitf. c. 1, s . 2; Story, Eq. Pl. §388; .4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4100. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  82. T. Of the first class are, 1. A supplemental bill. This bill is occasioned by some defect in a suit already instituted, whereby the parties cannot obtain complete justice, to which otherwise the case by their bill would have entitled them. It is used for the purpose of supplying some irregularity discovered in the formation of the original bill, or some of the proceedings there upon; or some defect in a suit, arising from events happening since the points in the original were at issue, which give an interest to˜20persons not parties to the suit. Blake's Ch. Pr. 50. See 3 Johns. Ch. R. 423. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  83. It is proper to consider more minutely 1. in what cases such a bill may be filed; 2. its particular requisites. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  84. A supplemental bill may be filed, 1st. whenever the imperfection in the original bill arises from the omission of some material fact, which existed before the filing of the bill, but the time has passed in which it can be introduced into the bill by amendment,, Mitf. Eq. Pl. 55, 61, 325 but leave of court must be obtained, before a bill which seeks to change the original structure of the bill, and to introduce a new and different case, can be filed. 2d. When a party necessary to the proceedings has been omitted, and cannot be admitted by an amendment. Mitf. Eq. Pl. 61 6 Madd. R. 369; 4 John. Ch. R. 605. 3d. When, after the court has decided upon the suit as framed, it appears necessary to bring some other matter before the court to obtain the full effect of the decision; or before a decision has been obtained, but after the parties are at issue upon the points in the original bill, and witnesses have been examined, (in which case, an amendment is not in general permitted,) some other point appears necessary to be made, or some additional discovery is found requisite. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 55; Coop Eq. Pl. 73; 3 Atk. R. 110; 12 Paige, R. 200. 4th. When new events or new matters have occurred since the filing of the bill; Coop. Eq. Pl. 74; these events or matters, however, are confined to such as refer to and support the rights and interests already mentioned in the bill. Story, Eq. Pl. §336. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  85. The supplemental bill must state the original bill, and the proceedings thereon and when it is occasioned by an event which has occurred subsequently to the original bill, it must state that event, and the consequent alteration with regard to the parties. In general, the supplemental bill must pray that all defendants appear and answer the charges it contains. Mitf. Eq. Pl. by Jeremy, 75 Story, Eq. Pl. §343. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  86. A bill of revivor, which is a continuance of the original bill, when by death some party to it has become incapable of prosecuting or defending a suit, or a female plaintiff has by marriage incapacitated herself from suing alone. Mitf. Pl. 33, 70; 2 Madd. Ch. Pr. 526. See 3 Johns. Ch. R. 60: Story, Eq. Pl. §354, et. seq. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  87. A bill of revivor and supplement. This is a compound of a supple-mental bill and bill of revivor, and not only continues the suit, which has abated by the death of the plaintiff, or the like, but supplies any defects in the original bill, arising from subsequent events, so as to entitle the party to relief on the whole merits of his case. 5 Johns.Ch R. 334; Mitf. Pl. 32, 74. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  88. . Among the second class may be placed, 1. A cross bill. This is one which is brought by a defendant in a suit against the plaintiff, respecting the matter in question in that bill. Coop. Eq. Pl. 85 Mitf. Pl. 75. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  89. A bill of this kind is usually brought to obtain, either a necessary discovery, or full relief to all the parties. It frequently happens, and particularlly if any questions arises between two defendants to a bill, that the court cannot make a complete decree without a cross bill, or cross bills to bring every matter in dispute completely before the court, litigated by the proper parties, and upon proper proofs. In this case it becomes necessary for some one of the defendants to the original bill to file a bill against the plaintiff and other defendants in that bill, or some of them, and bring the litigated point properly before the court. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  90. A cross bill should state the original bill, and the proceedings thereon, and the rights of the party exhibiting the bill which are necessary to be made the subject of a cross litigation, or the grounds on which he resists the claims of the plaintiff in the original bill, if that is the object of the new bill. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  91. A cross bill may be filed to answer the purpose of a plea puis darrein continuance at the common law. For example, where, pending a suit, and after replication and issue joined, the defendant having obtained a release and attempted to prove it viva voce at the bearing, it was determined that the release not being in issue in the cause, the court could not try the facts, or direct a trial at law for that purpose, and that a new bill must be filed to put the release in issue. Mitf. Pl. 75, 76 Coop. Eq. Pl. 85; 1 Harr. Ch. Pr. 135. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  92. A cross bill must be brought before publication is passed on the first bill, 1 Johns. Ch. R. 62, and not after, except the plaintiff in the cross bill go to the hearing on the depositions already published; because of the danger of perjury and subornation, if the parties should, after publication of the former depositions, examine witnesses, de novo, to the same matter before examined into. 7 Johns. Ch. Rep. 250; Nels. Ch. R. 103. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  93. A bill of review. Bills of review are in the nature of writs of error. They are brought to have decrees of the court reviewed, altered, or reversed, and there are two sorts of these bills. The first is brought where the decree has been signed and enrolled and the second, where the decree has not been signed and enrolled. 1 Ch. Cas. 54; 3 P. Wms. 371. The first of these is called, by way of preeminence, a bill of review; while the other is distinguished by the appellation of a bill in the nature of a bill of review, or a supplemental bill iii the nature of a bill of review. Coop. Eq. Pl. 88; 2 Madd. Ch. Pr. 537. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  94. A bill of review must be either for error in point of law; 2 Johns. C. R. 488; Coop. Eq. Pl. 89; or for some new matter of fact, relevant to the case, discovered since publication passed in the cause; and which could not, with reasonable diligence, have been discovered before. 2 Johns. C. R. 488; Coop. Eq. Pl. 94. See 3 Johns. R. 124, 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  95. Bill to impeach a decree on the ground of fraud. When a decree has been obtained by fraud, it may be impeached by original bill, without leave of court. As the principal point in issue, is the fraud in obtaining it, it must be established before the propriety of the decree can be investigated, and the fraud must be distinctly stated in the bill. The prayer must necessarily be varied according to the nature of the fraud used, and the extent of its operation in obtaining an improper decision of the court. When the decree to set aside a fraudulent decree has been obtained, the court will restore the parties to their former situation, whatever their rights may be. Mitf. Eq. Pl. 84; Sto. Eq. Pl. §426. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  96. >31. - 4. Bill to suspend a decree. The operation of a decree may be suspended under special circumstances, or avoided by matter subsequent to the decrees upon a new bill for that purpose. See 1 Ch. Cas. 3, 61 2 Ch . Cal 8 Mitf. Eq. Pl. 85 , 86. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  97. Bill to carry a decree into execution. This is one which is filed when from the neglect of parties, or some other cause, it may become impossible to carry a decree into execution without the further decree of the court. Hinde, 68; 1 Harr. Ch. 148. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  98. Bills partaking of the qualities of some one or more of other bills. These are, 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  99. First. Bill in the nature of a bill of revivor. A bill in the nature of a bill of revivor, is one which is filed when the death of a party, whose interest is not determined by his death, is attended with such a transmission of his interest, that the title to it, as well as the person entitled, may be litigated in the court of chancery, as in the case of a devise of real estate, the suit is not permitted to be continued by bill of revivor. 1 Ch. Cas. 123; Id. 174; 3 Ch. Rep. 39; Mosely, R. 44. In such cases an original bill, upon which the title may be litigated, must be filed, and this bill will have so far the effect of a bill of revivor, that if the, title of the representative by the act of the deceased party is established, the same benefit may be had of the proceedings upon the former bill, as if the suit had been continued by bill of revivor. 1 Vern. 427; 2 Vern. 548 Id. 672; 2 Bro. P. C. 529; 1 Eq. Cas. Ab. 83; Mitf. Pl. 66, 67. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  100. Secondly. Bill in the nature. of a supplemental bill. An original bill in the nature of a supplemental bill, is one filed when the interest of the plaintiff or defendant, suing or defending, wholly determines, and the same property becomes vested in another person not claiming under him. Hinde, 71; Blake's Ch. Pr. 38. The principal difference between this and a supplemental bill, seems to be, that a supplemental bill is applicable to such cases only, where the same parties or the same interests remain before the court; whereas, an original bill in the nature of a supplemental bill, is properly applicable where new parties, with new interests, arising from events occurring since the institution of the suit, are brought before the court. Coop. Eq. Pl. 75; Story, Eq. Pl. §345. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  101. Thirdly. Bill in the nature of a bill of review. A bill in the nature of a bill of review, is one brought by a person not bound by a decree, praying that the same may be examined and reversed; as where a decree is made against a person who has no interest at all in the matter in dispute, or had not an interest sufficient to render the decree against him binding upon some person claiming after him. Relief may be obtained against error in the decree, by a bill in the nature of a bill of review. This bill in its frame resembles a bill of review, except that instead of praying that the former decree may be reviewed and reversed, it prays that the cause may be heard with respect to the new matter made the subject of the supplemental bill, at the same time that it is reheard upon the original bill; and that the plaintiff may have such relief as the nature of the case made by the supplemental bill may require. 1 Harr. Ch. P. 145. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  102. There are also bills which derive their names from the object which the complainant has in view. These will be separately considered. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  103. Bill of foreclosure. A bill of foreclosure is one filed by a mortgagee against the mortgagor, for the purpose of having the estate, sold, thereby to obtain the sum mortgaged on the premises, with interest and costs. 1 Madd. Ch. Pr. 528. As to the persons who are to be made parties to a bill of foreclosure, see Story, Eq. Pl. §199-202. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  104. Bill of information. A bill of information is a bill instituted in behalf of the state, or those whose rights are the object of its care and protection. It is commenced by information exhibited in the name of the attorney-general, and differs from other bills little more than in name. If the suit immediately concerns the right of the state, the information is generally exhibited without a relator. If it does not immediately concern those rights, it is conducted at the instance and under the immediate direction of, some person whose name is inserted in the information, and is termed the relator; the officers of the state, in such or the like cases, are not further concerned than as they are instructed and advised by those whose rights the state is called upon to protect and establish. Blake's Ch. Pl. 50; see Harr. Ch. Pr. 151. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  105. Bill to marshal assets. A bill to marshal assets is one filed in favor of simple contract creditors, and of legatees, devisees, and heirs, but not in favor of next of kin, to prevent specialty. creditors from exhausting the personal estate. See Marshaling of Assets. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  106. Bill to marshal securities. A bill to marshal securities is one which is filed against a party who has two funds by which his debt is secured, by a person having an interest in only one of those funds. As if A has two mortgages and B has but one, B has a right to throw A upon the security which B cannot touch. 2 Atk. 446; see 8 Ves. 388, 395. This last case contains a luminous exposition in all its bearings. In Pennsylvania, and perhaps in some other states, the object of this bill is reached by subrogation, (q. v.) that is, by substituting the creditor, having but one fund to resort to, to the rights of the other creditor, in respect to the other fund. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  107. Bill for a new trial. This is a bill filed in a court of equity praying for an injunction after judgment at law, when there is any fact, which renders it against conscience to execute such judgment, and of which the injured party could not avail himself in a court of law-, or, if he could, was prevented by fraud or accident, unmixed with any fault or negligence of himself or his agents. Mitf. Pl. by Jer. 131; 2 Story Eq. §887. Of late years bills of this description are not countenanced. Id.˜201 John. Ch. R. 432 6 John. Ch. R. 479. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  108. Bill of peace. A bill of peace is one which is filed when a person has a right which may be controverted by various persons, at different times, and by different actions. In such a case the court will prevent a multiplicity of suits, by directing an issue to determine the right, and ultimately grant an injunction. 1 Madd. Ch. Pr. 166; 1 Harr. Ch. Pr. 104; Blake's Ch. Pr. 48; 2 Story, Eq. Jur. §852 to 860; Jeremy on Eq. Jurisd. 343 2 John. Ch. R. 281; 8 Cranch, R. 426. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  109. There is another class of cases in which a bill of peace is now ordinarily applied; namely, when the plaintiff, after repeated and satisfactory trials, has established his right at law, and is still in danger of new attempts to controvert it. In order to quiet the possession of the plaintiff, and to suppress future litigation, courts of equity, under such circumstances, will interfere, and grant a perpetual injunction. 3 John. R. 529; 8 Cranch, R. 462; Mit. Pl. by Jeremy, 143; 2 John. Ch. R. 281; Ed. on Inj. 356. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  110. Bill quia timet. A bill quia timet, is one which is filed when a person is entitled to property of a personal nature after another's death, and has reason to apprehend it may be destroyed by the present possessor; or when he is apprehensive of being subjected to a future inconvenience, probable or even possible to happen or be occasioned by the neglect, inadvertance, or culpability of another. Upon a proper case being made out, the court will, in one case, secure the property for the use of the party (which is the object of the bill) by compelling the person in possession of it, to give a proper security against any subsequent disposition or wilful destruction and in the other case, they will quiet the party's apprehension of future inconvenience, by removing the causes which may lead to it. 1 Harr. Ch. Pr. 107; 1 Madd. Ch. Pr. 218: Blake's Ch. Pr. 37, 47; 2 Story, Eq. Jur. §825 to 851. Vide, generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, h. t. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  111. Merc. law. An account containing the items of goods sold, or of work done by one person against another. It differs from an account stated (q. v.) in this, that the latter is a bill approved and sanctioned by the debtor, whereas a bill is made out by the creditor alone. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  112. Contracts. A bill or obligation, (which are the same thing, except that in English it iis commonly called bill, but in Latin obligatio, obligation,) is a deed whereby the obligor acknowledges himself to owe unto the obligee a certain sum of money or some other thing, in which, besides the names of the parties, are to be considered the sum or thing due, the time, place, and manner of payment or delivery thereof. It may be indented, or poll, and with or without a penalty. West's Symboleography s. 100, 101, and the various forms there given. 1215.org/lawnotes/bouvier/bouvier.htm
  113. A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle; used in pruning, etc.; a billhook. When short, called a hand bill, when long, a hedge bill. dictgcide_fs
  114. bil, n. a kind of concave battle-axe with a long wooden handle: a kind of hatchet with a long blade and wooden handle in the same line with it, often with a hooked point, used in cutting thorn hedges or in pruning.--ns. BILL'HOOK, a bill or hatchet having a hooked or curved point; BILL'MAN, a soldier armed with a bill. [A.S. bil; Ger. bille.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  115. bil, n. the beak of a bird, or anything like it, applied even to a sharp promontory, as Portland Bill: the point of the fluke of an anchor--hence BILL'-BOARD, n., used to protect the planking from being injured by the bill when the anchor is weighed.--v.i. to join bills as doves: to caress fondly.--adj. BILLED. [A.S. bile, most prob. the same word as the preceding.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  116. bil, n. an account of money: a draft of a proposed law: a written engagement to pay a sum of money at a fixed date: a placard or advertisement: any written statement of particulars: in the criminal law of England, the formal name of a written accusation of serious crime preferred before a grand-jury.--n. BILL'-BOOK, a book used in commerce in which an entry is made of all bills accepted and received.--n.pl. BILL'-BROK'ERS, persons who, being skilled in the money-market, the state of mercantile and personal credit, and the rates of exchange, engage, either on their own account or that of their employers, in the purchase and sale of foreign and inland bills of exchange and promissory notes: the business of BILL'-DISCOUNT'ERS, or discount-brokers, again, consists in discounting or advancing the amount of bills of exchange and notes which have some time to run before they come due, on the faith of the credit of the parties to the bill.--n. BILL'-CHAM'BER, a department of the Court of Session in Scotland which deals with summary business--so called because formerly both summonses and diligence or execution were for the most part commenced by a writ called a bill; BILL'-STICK'ER, one who sticks or posts up bills or placards.--BILL OF ADVENTURE, a writing by a merchant stating that goods shipped by him, and in his name, are the property of another, whose adventure or chance the transaction is--the shipping merchant, on the other hand, undertaking to account to the adventurer for the produce; BILL OF COMPLAINT, the name given in the English Court of Chancery, prior to the Judicature Act of 1873, to the formal statement of the facts and prayer for relief submitted by a plaintiff to the court; BILL OF COSTS, an account stating in detail the charges and disbursements of an attorney or solicitor in the conduct of his client's business; BILL OF EXCEPTIONS, a statement of objections, by way of appeal, against the decision of a judge who is trying a case with a jury in the Court of Session; BILL OF EXCHANGE, a document purporting to be an instrument of pecuniary obligation for value received, and which is employed for the purpose of settling a debt in a manner convenient to the parties concerned; BILL OF FARE, in a hotel, the list of dishes or articles of food; BILL OF HEALTH, an official certificate of the state of health on board ship before sailing; BILL OF LADING, a paper signed by the master of a ship, by which he makes himself responsible for the safe delivery of the goods specified therein; BILL OF MORTALITY, an official account of the births and deaths occurring in a certain district within a given time; BILL OF SALE, in English law, a formal deed assigning personal property, the usual mode of transferring ships, and valuable as mercantile securities over stock-in-trade, furniture, &c.; BILL OF SIGHT, an entry of imported goods of which the merchant does not know the quantity or the quality; BILL OF STORE, a license from the customs authorities to reimport British goods formerly exported; BILL OF VICTUALLING, a list of necessary stores shipped from the bonded warehouse, or for drawback on board vessels proceeding on oversea voyages. [Through Low L. billa, from L. bulla, anything round, a knob, a seal appended to a charter, hence a document bearing a seal, &c. See BULL, an edict.] gutenberg.org/ebooks/37683
  117. Obsolete weapon, halberd; (also billhook) concave-edged lopping implement for pruning &c. [West German] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  118. Bird\'s beak (esp. when slender, flattened, or weak, & in pigeons& web-footed birds); muzzle of platypus; narrow promontory (Selsea B. &c.); point of anchor-fluke. Hence -billed a. [old English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  119. Stroke b. with b. (of doves); exchange caresses (esp. b. & coo). Concise Oxford Dictionary
  120. Draft of proposed Act of Parliament; (Law) written statement of (esp. plaintiff\'s) case (find a true b., ignore the b., forms by which Grand Jury sends, does not send, case for trial); note of charges for goods delivered or services rendered; poster, placard, programme of entertainment; (also b. of exchange) written order by drawer to drawee to pay sum on given date to drawer or to named payee (if drawn not against value received, but to raise money on credit, the b. is known as an accommodation b.); b. of fare, list of dishes to be served, menu, (fig.) programme; b. of health, certificate regarding infectious disease on ship or in port at time of sailing (clean b. of h., no disease); b. of lading, ship-master\'s detailed receipt to consignor; b. of sale, transferring personal property, or authorizing its seizure by lender of money if payment is delayed; b.-poster, -sticker, man who pastes up placards; b.-broker, -discounter, dealer in, discounter of, bb. of exchange. [middle English] Concise Oxford Dictionary
  121. Announce, put in the programme; plaster with placards. Concise Oxford Dictionary
  122. billed to appear &c., announced as going to. Concise Oxford Dictionary
  123. [A.S.] Used as a weapon by yeomen of the time of Plantagenets; consisting of a curved blade with spike at top and back, mounted on a six-foot staff. Glossary of terms and phrases - Percy
  124. n. [Anglo-Saxon] The beak of a fowl. Cabinet Dictionary
  125. n. [Anglo-Saxon] A hook-shaped cutting instrument, fitted with a handle;—an ancient battle-axe, consisting of a broad, hook-shaped blade, a short pike at the beak and another at the summit, and a long staff;—a mattock;—the point of the fluke of an anchor. Cabinet Dictionary
  126. n. [New French] A note or written document;—a note of charge; an account;—a statement of goods sold, work done, service rendered with annexed prices;—a public notice or advertisement;—a measure projected, and proposed to become law;—a written declaration or charge of injury, injustice, or crime; a written obligation to pay money, under the hand, or seal of granter. Cabinet Dictionary
  127. The beak of a fowl. Complete Dictionary
  128. A kind of hatchet with a hooked point. Complete Dictionary
  129. A written paper of any kind; an account of money; a law presented to the parliament; a physician's prescription; an advertisement. Complete Dictionary

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